Schutzstaffel: SS Officers Inspired By Teutonic Knights

Der Bannerträger ("The Standard Bearer"), by Hubert Lanzinger, circa 1935 Austrian-born artist Lanzinger (1880-1950) painted this work in oils on a wood panel. It was first displayed at the Great German Art Exhibition in Munich in 1937. Heinrich Hoffmann, Hitler’s official photographer and an exhibition judge, had the image made into a postcard around 1938. After the war, a U.S. soldier pierced the painting with a bayonet. It was then transferred to the U.S. Army Art Collection, German War Art Collection, where it remains to this day. U.S. Army Center of Military History, Washington, D.C.

Der Bannerträger (“The Standard Bearer”), by Hubert Lanzinger, circa 1935
Austrian-born artist Lanzinger (1880-1950) painted this work in oils on a wood panel. It was first displayed at the Great German Art Exhibition in Munich in 1937.
Heinrich Hoffmann, Hitler’s official photographer and an exhibition judge, had the image made into a postcard around 1938. After the war, a U.S. soldier pierced the painting with a bayonet. It was then transferred to the U.S. Army Art Collection, German War Art Collection, where it remains to this day.
U.S. Army Center of Military History, Washington, D.C.

During the Third Reich, posters throughout Germany presented Hitler as a Teutonic Knight, fighting to restore the medieval greatness of the Holy Roman Empire.

The Teutonic Knights were originally known as the “Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem”. They created by the German Catholic Knights who defeated the Jews and Muslims during the Crusades.

The Teutonic Knights were soldier-priests who took vows to the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor. After the Crusades ended in 1291, the knights returned to Europe.

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II decided to use the order for a “Northern Crusade” into Eastern Europe. The Teutonic Knights led invasions into Hungary, Poland, and Estonia.

Later, Emperor Louis IV gave them the imperial privilege to conquer all of Lithuania and Russia. Following the Protestant Reformation, the knights largely returned to defend the Catholic Church in Germany.

The Teutonic Knights were a major force within the Holy Roman Empire. They were trusted with the task of protecting the Holy Lance and the Crown Jewels of the Holy Roman Empire. They stood guard in the King’s Chapel located in Nuremberg Castle, guarding the sacred relics.

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As the Holy Roman Empire nearby dissolved following the Protester crowd, the Teutonic Knights could no longer protect the Holy Lance and Crown Jewels. As Napoleon approached in 1796, the treasures were hidden and later sent to Vienna, Austria.

Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler were both deeply interested in ancient history, Catholic mysticism [do NOT confuse this with the “occult” aka Kabbalah], and the military campaigns of the Holy Roman Emperors. Himmler was specifically interested in the Teutonic Knights and his worldview was shaped by the order of medieval soldier-priests.

The Schutzstaffel was created in 1925, giving personal protection to Hitler at public functions and events. Heinrich Himmler joined that same year, and eventually took over the organization in 1929.

Under Himmler’s control, the SS transformed and resembled the Teutonic Knights. Their official colors were black and white, the same used by the medeival soldier-priests. In 1933, Professor Karl Diebitsch and Walter Heck designed new all-black uniforms, influenced by the same design the Catholic knights wore in the Middle Ages.

Heinrich Himmler told his officers, “Never forget, we are a knightly order.”

The Schutzstaffel had the same ancestry qualifications as the Teutonic Knights, requiring members prove their German heritage for three generations. The SS also began its own “Northern Crusade”, reconquering the same land in Eastern Europe the Catholic knights had taken.

Most importantly though, the SS officers and the Teutonic Knights were both given the important task of protecting the Holy Lance and the Crown Jewels of the Roman Empire.

Deutscher Orden - Deutschherrenorden - Deutschritterorden -Teutonic Knights - Rahn - Hitler - Occult Third Reich - Peter Crawford 2013

The SS placed an intense emphasis upon elitism and portrayed themselves as part of an elite order which “explicitly modelled on an a historical version of religious order of the Teutonic Knights.

Himmler renovated the Wewelsburg Castle, located deep in the sacred Teutoburg Forest. The castle became a masterpiece of late renaissance architecture. It became the SS officer training academy, where soldiers prepared for knighthood with spiritual and intellectual training exercises.

He was fascinated by the rites and traditions of the Holy Roman Emperors. A replica of the Holy Lance was kept on his desk. Replicas of the imperial crown, scepter, and orb were put in glass display cases in the castle museum.

Himmler named his personal section of the castle after King Heinrich I, his patron saint. He decorated his room with a medieval bed, armchair, and suit of armor. He designed another portion of the castle for Hitler, which was named and decorated in honor of Frederick the Great.

He was inspired by the past to build his dream of a new Reich. In the castle museum was a miniature display of an old-fashioned farmhouse with a straw roof.

This display included dollhouse figures of Aryan men, women, and children dressed in simple clothing. Across from the small house was a tiny furnace with a burning fire. Miniature horses and sheep grazed in large green fields

It was a glimpse into paradise, a symbol of medieval German simplicity and abundance.

Himmler was inspired by medieval Europe and supported Hitler’s plan to restore the Holy Roman Empire. Therefore, the Schutzstaffel was created to function as the holy knights of the Third Reich.

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No its not the “Black Sun” Coined by the Cross of the Redeemer, which is also the mark of the Order, the congregation put itself completely under the protection of Mary, the mother of God, following its true origin. Saint Elisabeth of Hungary remains its shining example in terms of unselfish help for those in need for the sake of Christ. Saint George, the faithful martyr, lights them their way in the courageous efforts for the Christian faith. The foundation of our Order gave responses to concrete necessities of the place and the time. Ever since its beginnings, it is an ideal of the Order to serve those in need for Christ’s sake with unconditional love. In the increasingly powerful misery of the time, the Order was assigned the additional task of protecting the Christian faith against the enemies of Christ. This inspiration, which was part of the small and initially time-influenced beginning of the Order, proved to be a response to a call of God to the people who – following Christ – are prepared to reply to concrete desperate situations in the Church and the world. The Apostolic See awarded the Order with the exemption back then in acknowledging the Order’s efforts, which it confirms now and again. The Order preserved the privilege of the direct submission to the Chair of Peter until today. We owe obedience to the Holy Father as highest Superior, also by virtue of the vow. The German Order today acts charitably in nursing the ill, the old, the poor and the needy in the ever changing forms of social care, in works of Christian upbringing and education for children, juveniles and adults. The Order’s efforts for the kingdom of Christ is no longer the temporary battle with the sword, but – according to the sound tradition of the Order – rather the fight in the mental dispute, the protection of the defenceless, the pastoral care of people. This is why also today the Order dedicates itself to the protection and creation of the Kingdom of God, serving the universal church and the local churches. Brothers, sisters and associates strive for this goal in close cooperation. They are thus followers of Christ in order to participate in His work of salvation. Rules of the Teutonic Knights of St. Mary’s house in Jerusalem, No. 3 – 7.

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The official motto of the SS was Meine Ehre heißt Treue” (My Honour is Loyalty). Like the Teutonic Knights, they took a vow, practiced chivalry, and devoted themselves to God.

As leader of the Schutzstaffel, Heinrich Himmler required his officers to read and memorize a book he wrote called “50 Questions and Answers for the SS-Man”:

“The first question is: “What is your oath?”
The answer is: “We swear to you, Adolf Hitler, loyalty and bravery as leader and chancellor of the German Reich. We vow to you and to the principles laid down by you obedience to the point of death. So help us God!
The second question is: “Thus you believe in a God?”
The answer is: “Yes, I believe in a Lord God.”
The third question is: “What do you think of a person who does not believe in a God?”
The answer is: “I consider him arrogant, stupid, and a megalomaniac; he is not suited for us.”

In 1937, Himmler explained “Be in no doubt that we would not be able to be this body of men bound by a solemn oath if we did not have the firm belief in a Lord God who rules over us, who has created us and our Fatherland, our people and this earth, and who sent us our leader.”

He further wrote: “We have the holy conviction that according to the eternal laws of this world we are accountable for every deed, for every word, and every thought, that nothing our mind thinks up, our tongue speaks, and our hand does is completed with the act itself, but is a cause which will have its effect, which in an inevitable, inexorable cycle redounds on ourselves and our people in the form of a blessing or curse. Believe me, men with this conviction are anything but atheists.”

Die Göttliche Ordnung. (God’s Eternal Order/Law)

In dieses Rechtsbild gehört die heilige Überzeugung unserer Vorfahren, daß alles, was es an Leben auf dieser Erde gab und gibt, von Gott geschaffen und von Gott beseelt sei. Törichte, böswillige und dumme Leute haben daraus die Fabel, das Greuelmärchen gemacht, als hätten unsere Vorfahren Götter und Bäume angebetet. Nein, sie waren nach uraltem Wissen und uralter Lehre von der göttlichen Ordnung dieser ganzen Erde, der ganzen Pflanzen- und der ganzen Tierwelt überzeugt.
(In this obeying unalterable laws are included the sacred belief of our ancestors, that everything on this earth was created by God and inspired by God. Only foolish, malicious and stupid people created this pagan fable, the horror stories, that our ancestors worshipped gods and trees. No, they were convinced in God’s ancient knowledge and ancient teachings of His Divine Order of this world, wherein we were created in His image and where the plant and the animal world co-exists.) – Heinrich Himmler. [Die Schutzstaffel als antibolschewistische Kampforganisation (The SS as an Anti-Bolshevik Fighting Organization)]

In ideological training I forbid every attack against Christ as a person, since such attacks or insults that Christ was a Jew are unworthy of us and certainly untrue historically.
– Heinrich Himmler, Bundesarchiv Berlin-Zehlendorf, 28 June 1937: Berlin

Gott Mit Uns! (Isaiah 7:14 & Matthew 1:23), Atheism was banned within the SS with all SS men being required to list themselves as Protestant, Catholic or “believer in God” (Methodists) (German: Gottgläubig [not Odin/Wodan gläubig]), BUT GOD WITH US!

(To the Germans it was a rallying cry, “a Christian as well as an Imperial motto, the expression of German religious, political and ethnic single-mindedness, or the numerous unity of God’s altar, throne and Volk”) – most people get so confused with Heinrich Himmler and the “Ahnenerbe”, which in simple English terms means Ancestral Heritage (not pagan heritage, if it was pagan, it would be called “heidnischen Erbe”)

In Talmudic Yewbrew notzri (pronounced “nazi”), literally “Followers of Jesus Christ of Nazareth,” means “a Christian;” being that the Third Reich was the most Christianized Nation in Europe.

In the Wewelsburg castle there was also a Christian Chapel — The Latin inscription above the entrance “Domus mea domus orationis vocabitur” (My House shall be called a House of Prayer) reminds of the prince-episcopalian chapel which was placed in the ground floor of the tower originally (before the allies covered it up for the world to know about it).

The green mosaic “sun wheel” is in fact a representation of Christ  (John 8:12) and His Disciples in The Last Supper! The sun represents the Holy Scriptures, the Gospels (Malachi 4:2), “sun of righteousness”, symbolic of Christ.

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Concordat between the Holy See and the German Reich [with Supplementary Protocol] July 20, 1933

The Reichskonkordat [still in tact in Germany, including the state-church agreement with the Lutheran Church] (The ratification of the Dollfuss Concordat and the same goes for the rest of the “concordats” or church-state agreements) was signed in Rome as the bells of St. Peter’s Basilica rang out. The usual diatribe of “a secret supplement” are paraded around by the 6 million tears of all time generation, promoting the idea that The Third Reich “by 1933 the Vatican knew that Hitler was going to re-arm in defiance of the Treaty of Versailles, and wanted to help him keep it secret”, the supplement is included here and anyone with an IQ above the 6 trillion tears generation, can establish the difference between “secret” and “supplement”.

The operative words are “in case of a change in the present German armed forces in the sense of the introduction of universal conscription”.

These vague and generic words make provision for an eventuality which is by no means ruled out by the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, even given that the Versailles Treaty was very unjust and a recipe for another war, and even given that a future re-negotiation of terms was highly likely, in any event, given Europe’s concern over the growth of Jewish created Soviet Russia and the Anglo-Americans as their all-lies.

Adolf Hitler had his Papal Chamberlain (A Papal Gentleman, also called a Gentleman of His Holiness, is a lay attendant of the Pope and his papal household in Vatican City. Papal Gentlemen serve in the Apostolic Palace near St. Peter’s Basilica in ceremonial positions, such as escorting dignitaries during a papal funeral. The position is a successor to the earlier position of papal chamberlain [yodelpedia link] (abolished [see Sedevacantism (Latin phrase sede vacante, which literally means “the seat being vacant” = anti-Popes, anti-Christendom)] i.e. by the Jewish anti-Popes, that existed prior to 1968. To be appointed is an honor) — The appointee is an unpaid volunteer — sign the 1933 concordat on behalf of Germany, with the papal nuncio, Cardinal Pacelli.

Reichskonkordat Franz Baron von Papen Papal Chamberlain signs the 1933 concordat on behalf of Germany, with the papal nuncio, Cardinal Pacelli.

Reichskonkordat Franz Baron von Papen Papal Chamberlain signs the 1933 concordat on behalf of Germany, with the papal nuncio, Cardinal Pacelli.

Reichskonkordat between the Holy See and The German (Third) Reich [with supplementary protocol and supplement] — July 20, 1933

His Holiness Pope Pius XI and the President of the German Reich, moved by a common desire to consolidate and promote the friendly relations existing between the Holy See and the German Reich, wish to permanently regulate the relations between the Catholic Church and the state for the whole territory of the German Reich in a way acceptable to both parties. They have decided to conclude a solemn agreement, which will supplement the Concordats already concluded with individual German states (Länder) [1], and will ensure for the remaining states (Länder) fundamentally uniform treatment of their respective problems.

For this purpose His Holiness Pope Pius XI has appointed as his Plenipotentiary His Eminence the Most Reverend Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, his Secretary of State and the President of the German Reich has appointed as Plenipotentiary the Vice-Chancellor of the German Reich, Herr Franz von Papen, who, having exchanged their respective mandates and found them to be in good and proper form, have agreed to the following Articles:

Article 1

The German Reich guarantees freedom of profession and public practice of the Catholic religion.

It acknowledges the right of the Catholic Church, within the framework of the laws valid for all, to manage and regulate its own affairs independently, and, within the framework of its own competence, to issue binding laws and ordinances for its members.

Article 2

The concordats concluded with Bavaria (1924), Prussia (1929) and Baden (1932) remain in force, and the rights and privileges of the Catholic Church recognized in these are preserved unchanged within the territories of the states concerned. For the remaining states (Länder), the agreements reached in the present concordat come into force in their entirety. These last are also binding for the three states (Länder) named above, in so far as they affect matters not regulated by the states’ (Länder) concordats or in so far as they supplement the earlier settlements.

In the future concordats with the states (Länder) will be concluded only with the agreement of the government of the Reich.

Article 3

In order to foster good relations between the Holy See and the German Reich, an apostolic nuncio will reside in the capital of the German Reich and an ambassador of the German Reich at the Holy See.

Article 4

The Holy See enjoys full freedom in its relations and correspondence with the bishops, clergy and other members of the Catholic Church in Germany. The same applies to the bishops and other diocesan officials in their dealings with the faithful in all matters belonging to their pastoral office.

Instructions, ordinances, pastoral letters, official diocesan gazettes, and other decrees concerning the spiritual direction of the faithful issued by the Church authorities within the framework of their competence (Art. 1, Sect. 2) may be published without hindrance and brought to the notice of the faithful in the customary form.

Article 5

In the exercise of their clerical activities the clergy enjoy the protection of the state in the same way as state officials. The state will proceed, in accordance with the general provisions of civil law, against any insult to their person or to their clerical capacity, as well as against any interference with the duties of their office and, if necessary, will provide official protection.

Article 6

The clergy and members of religious orders are freed from any obligation to take public office and such obligations as, according to the dictates of Canon Law, are incompatible with the status of a member of the clergy or religious order respectively. This applies particularly to the office of a lay judge, juror, member of a tax committee or of a fiscal tribunal.

Article 7

For the acceptance of employment or appointment as state official, or to any public corporation dependent on the state, clergymen require, the nihil obstat [2] of their diocesan ordinary, as well as of the ordinary of the place where the public corporation is situated. The nihil obstat may be withdrawn at any time for important reasons of ecclesiastical interests.

Article 8

The official income of the clergy is immune from distraint [3] to the same extent as is the official salary of the Reich and state officials.

Article 9

The clergy cannot be required by judicial and other authorities to give information about matters which have been entrusted to them in the course of administering pastoral care, and which therefore fall under the obligation of pastoral secrecy.

Article 10

The wearing of clerical dress or of a religious habit by lay people, or by members of the clergy or religious orders by whom this use is forbidden by a definitive and legally valid directive of the competent ecclesiastical authority and officially communicated to the state authority, is liable to the same penalty by the state as the misuse of the military uniform.

Article 11

The present organisation and boundaries of dioceses of the Catholic Church in the German Reich remain in force. Any creation or rearrangement of a bishopric or ecclesiastical province, or other changes in the boundaries of dioceses that seem advisable in the future, so far as they involve changes within the boundaries of a German state (Land), remain subject to the agreement of the state (Land) governments concerned. Rearrangements and alterations which extend beyond the boundaries of a German state require the agreement of the Reich Government, which shall be left to secure the consent of the appropriate state (Land) government. The same applies to creations or rearrangements of Church provinces involving several German states (Länder). The foregoing conditions do not apply to changes in ecclesiastical boundaries made merely in the interests of local pastoral care.

In the case of any (territorial) re-organisation within the German Reich, the Reich Government will communicate with the Holy See with a view to rearrangement of the organisation and boundaries of dioceses.

Article 12

Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 11, ecclesiastical offices may be freely created and changed, unless state funds are drawn upon. The involvement of the state in the creation and alteration of parishes shall be carried out according to standard procedures that are agreed to by the diocesan bishops, and for which the Reich Government will endeavour to secure the most uniform treatment possible from the state (Länder) governments.

Article 13

Catholic parishes, parish and diocesan societies, episcopal sees, bishoprics and chapters, religious orders and congregations, as well as institutions, foundations and property which are under the administration of Church agencies, shall retain or acquire respectively, legal competence in the civil domain according to the general provisions of civil law. They shall remain corporations under public law to the extent that they have been so far; the others may be granted similar rights within the framework of the laws valid for all.

Article 14

As a matter of principle the Church retains the right to appoint freely to all Church offices and benefices without the involvement of the state or of civil groups, in so far as other provisions have not been made in previous concordats mentioned in Article 2.

Concerning the appointment of bishops’ sees, the regulation made for appointment of the two suffragan [4] bishoprics of Rottenburg and Mainz, as well as for the bishopric of Meissen, is to be duly applied to the metropolitan see of the Upper Rhine Ecclesiastical Province of Freiburg. The same holds for the two first named suffragan bishops with regard to appointments to the cathedral chapter, and for the administration of the right of patronage.

Furthermore, there is agreement on the following points:

1. Catholic clerics who hold an ecclesiastical office in Germany or who exercise pastoral or educational functions must:

(a) be German citizens,
(b) have earned a secondary-school graduation certificate which permits study at an institution of higher learning,
(c) have studied philosophy and theology for at least three years at a German state university, a German ecclesiastical college, or a papal college in Rome.

2. The bull nominating archbishops, bishops, coadjutors cum jure successionis or a praelatus nullius will not be issued until the name of the appointee has been submitted to the Reich governor in the relevant state (Land), and until it has been ascertained that there are no objections of a general political nature. In the case of an agreement between Church and state, Paragraph 1, sections (a) (b) and (c) may be disregarded or set aside.

No right of the State to assert a veto is to be based on this Article.

Article 15

Religious orders and congregations are not subject to any special restrictions on the part of the state in relation to their foundation, establishment, number and – subject to Paragraph 2 of this Article – the selection of their members, their pastoral activities in care, education, care of the sick and charitable work, the management of their own affairs and the administration of their property. Superiors of religious orders whose headquarters are within Germany must be German citizens. Superiors of provincials and orders whose headquarters lie outside the territory of the German Reich, have the right to visit those of their establishments that lie within Germany.

The Holy See will take pains to ensure that for conventual establishments within the German Reich the provincial organization is set up so that, as far as possible, German establishments do not fall under the jurisdiction of foreign provincial superiors. Exceptions can be permitted with the agreement of the Reich Government, especially in cases where the small number of houses makes a German province impracticable, or where special grounds exist for the retention of an historic and firmly established provincial organisation.

Article 16

Before bishops take possession of their dioceses they are to take an oath of loyalty either to the Reich governor of the state (Land) concerned or to the President of the Reich respectively, according to the following formula:

“Before God and on the Holy Gospels I swear and promise, as becomes a bishop, loyalty to the German Reich and to the State (Land) of . . . I swear and promise to honour the legally constituted government and to cause the clergy of my diocese to honour it. With dutiful concern for the welfare and the interests of the German state, in the performance of the ecclesiastical office entrusted to me, I will endeavour to prevent everything injurious which might threaten it.”

Article 17

The property rights and other rights to assets of corporations under public law, of the institutions, foundations and associations of the Catholic Church are guaranteed according to requirements of the general law of the land.

No building dedicated to religious services may be destroyed for any reason whatsoever without the previous consent of the proper Church authorities.

Article 18

In the case of the abrogation of state obligations to the Church, whether based on law, agreement or special charter, before working out the principles according to which the abrogation is to be carried out, in a timely manner an amicable agreement is to be effected between the Holy See and the Reich.

Legitimate traditional rights are to be considered as titles in law. An abrogation must bestow upon those entitled to abrogation proper compensation for the loss of the customary state benefits.

Article 19

Catholic theological faculties in state universities are to be maintained. Their relation to Church authorities will be governed by the relevant concordats and by their supplementary protocols with stated regulations, having due regard for the relevant Church decrees. The Reich Government will endeavour to secure for all of these Catholic faculties in Germany uniformity of treatment.

Article 20

Where other agreements do not exist, the Church has the right to establish theological and philosophical colleges for the training of its clergy, which are to be wholly dependent on the Church authorities if no state subsidies are sought.

The establishment, management and administration of theological seminaries and hostels for seminarians is, within the framework of the laws valid for all, the exclusive prerogative of the Church authorities.

Article 21

Catholic religious education in elementary, vocational, secondary schools and institutions of higher learning is a regular school subject, and is to be taught in accordance with the principles of the Catholic Church. In religious education, special emphasis will be given to inculcating a patriotic, civic and social sense of duty in the spirit of the Christian faith and the moral code, just as happens in all other subjects. The curriculum and the selection of textbooks for religious education will be arranged in agreement with the Church authorities. The opportunity will be given to the Church authorities to check, with the agreement of the school authorities, whether the pupils receive religious education in accordance with the teachings and specifications of the Church.

Article 22

In the appointment of Catholic religious instructors, agreement is to be reached between the bishop and the state (Land) government. Teachers who, because of their doctrine or moral behaviour, are declared unfit to further impart religious education, are not permitted to be employed as religion teachers so long as this obstacle remains.

Article 23

The retention of Catholic denomination schools and the establishment of new ones is guaranteed. In all parishes where parents or guardians request it, Catholic elementary schools will be established, wherever the number of pupils, with due regard for the local conditions of school organization, appears to be sufficient for a school administered in accordance with the standards prescribed by the state.

Article 24

In all Catholic elementary schools only such teachers are to be employed as are members of the Catholic Church, and who guarantee to fulfill the special requirements of a Catholic school.

Within the framework of the general professional training of teachers, facilities will be created which will provide for the training of Catholic teachers, in accordance with the special requirements of Catholic denominational schools.

Article 25

Religious orders and congregations are entitled to establish and conduct private schools, within the framework of the general laws and ordinances. These private schools award the same qualifications as state schools, insofar as they adhere to the regulations governing curriculum prescribed for the latter.

Members of religious orders or congregations seeking admission to teacher training and employment in elementary, secondary or post-secondary schools are to meet the general requirements applicable to all.

Article 26

Until a later comprehensive regulation of the marriage laws, it is understood that, apart from cases of critical illness of an engaged person which would not permit delay, and in cases of great moral emergency, whose presence must be confirmed by the proper episcopal authority, the Church marriage blessing should precede the civil ceremony. In such cases the priest is obliged to immediately notify the Registrar’s office.

Article 27

For the German army pastoral care outside the realm of ordinary jurisdiction is conceded for its Catholic officers, officials and men, as well as for their families.

The administration of such pastoral care for the army is the duty of the army bishop. His Church appointment is to be made by the Holy See after contact has been made with the Reich Government in order, with its agreement, to select a suitable person.

The Church appointment of military chaplains and other military clergy will be made by the army bishop after prior consultation with the appropriate authorities of the Reich. He may appoint only such chaplains as receive permission from their diocesan bishop to undertake military pastoral work, together with a certificate of suitability. Military chaplains have the rights of parish priests with regard to the troops and other army personnel assigned to them.

Detailed regulations for the organisation of pastoral work by chaplains will be supplied by an Apostolic Brief. Regulations for the legal aspects in terms of [their status as state] officials will be drawn up by the Reich Government.

Article 28

In hospitals, prisons, and other public institutions the Church is permitted to make pastoral visits and conduct services of worship, subject to the general rules of the institutions concerned. If regular pastoral care is provided for such institutions, and if pastors must be appointed as state or other public officials, such appointments will be made with the agreement of Church authorities.

Article 29

Catholic members of a non-German ethnic minority living within the German Reich, as regards their mother tongue in Church services [sermons], religious education and Church societies, will be accorded no less favourable treatment than that accorded by law and in practice to members of German origin and speech living within the boundaries of the corresponding foreign states.

Article 30

On Sundays and official holy days, a prayer conforming to the liturgy will be will be offered at the end of the principal Mass in parish, auxiliary and conventual churches of the German Reich, for the welfare of the German Reich and (German) people.

e.g same as with Austria and the Dolfuss Concordat
all Sundays;
New Year’s Day;
Epiphany (6 January);
Ascension Day;
Corpus Christi;
Ascension of the Virgin (15 August);
All Saints (1 November);
Feast of the Immaculate Conception (8 December);
Christmas Day (25 December).

Article 31

Those Catholic organisations and societies which have exclusively charitable, cultural or religious purposes, and, as such, are placed under the Church authorities, will be protected in terms of their institutions and activities.

Those Catholic organisations which, in addition to their religious, cultural and charitable purposes, have others, such as social or professional tasks – even though they may be brought into national organizations – are to enjoy the protection of Article 31, Paragraph 1, provided they guarantee to conduct their activities outside all political parties.

It is reserved to the Reich Government and the German episcopate, in a joint agreement, to determine which organisations and associations come within the scope of this Article. In so far as the Reich and the states (Länder) take charge of sport and other youth organisations, care will be taken that it shall be possible for the members regularly to attend church on Sundays and feast days, and that they shall not be induced to do anything inconsistent with their religious and moral convictions and obligations.

Article 32

Due to the special situation existing in Germany, and in view of the safeguards created by the clauses of this concordat of legislation preserving the rights and privileges of the Catholic Church in the Reich and its states (Länder), the Holy See will enact regulations to exclude the clergy and members of religious orders from membership in political parties and from working on their behalf.

Article 33

All matters relating to clerical personnel or Church affairs, which have not been treated of in the foregoing Articles, will be regulated for the ecclesiastical sphere according to current Canon Law.

Should differences of opinion arise regarding the interpretation or execution of any of the Articles of this Concordat, the Holy See and the German Reich will reach a friendly solution by mutual agreement.

Article 34

This Concordat, whose German and Italian texts shall have equal binding force, shall be ratified, and the instruments of ratification shall be exchanged, as soon as possible. It will be in force from the day of such exchange.

In witness hereof, the plenipotentiaries have signed this Concordat. Signed in two original copies, in the Vatican City, July 20th, 1933.

(Signed) Eugenio, Cardinal Pacelli

(Signed) Franz von Papen

Supplementary Protocol

At the signing of the concordat concluded today between the Holy See and the German Reich, the properly authorised undersigned have submitted the following agreed-upon explanations which form an integral part of the concordat itself.

Re Article 3

The Apostolic Nuncio to the German Reich, in accordance with the exchange of notes between the apostolic nunciature in Berlin and the Reich Foreign Office on the 11th and the 27th of March 1930, shall be the doyen of the diplomatic corps accredited there.

Re Article 13

It is understood that the Church retains the right to levy Church taxes.

Re Article 14, Par. 2, No. 2

It is understood that when objections of a general political nature exist, they shall be presented within the shortest possible time. If after twenty days such a declaration has not been made, the Holy See will be justified in assuming that no objections exist to the candidate. The names of those being considered will be kept confidential until the announcement of the appointment.

Re Article 17

In so far as public buildings or properties are devoted to ecclesiastical purposes, these are to be retained as before, subject to existing agreements.

Re Article 19, Sentence 2

This clause is based, at the time of signing this concordat, especially on the Apostolic Constitution, Deus Scientiarum Dominus of May 24th, 1931, [8] and the Instruction of July 7th, 1932.

Re Article 20

Hostels for seminarians which are administered by the Church at institutes of higher learning and academic secondary schools/junior colleges (Gymnasien) will be recognized for tax purposes as essentially Church institutions in the proper sense of the word, and as part of the diocesan organisation.

Re Article 24

In so far as private institutions are able to meet the requirements of the new educational code for with teacher training, all existing establishments of religious orders and congregations will be given due consideration in the accordance of recognition.

Re Article 26

A severe moral emergency is taken to exist when there are insuperable difficulties, or ones disproportionately costly to overcome, in obtaining the necessary marriage documents in time.

Re Article 27, Par. 1

Catholic officers, officials and personnel, as well as their families, do not belong to local parishes, and do not support them.

Re Article 27, Par. 4

The publication of the Apostolic Brief will take place after consultation with the Reich Government.

Re Article 28

In urgent cases entry of the clergy is guaranteed at all times.

Re Article 29

Since the Reich Government has agreed to make an accommodation regarding non-German minorities, the Holy See declares – in accordance with the principles it has constantly maintained regarding the right to employ the vernacular in Church services [sermons], religious education and the conduct of Church societies – that it will consider admitting a similar clause to protect the rights of German minorities when establishing concordats with other countries.

Re Article 31, Par. 4

The principles laid down in Article 31, Sect. 4 [sic] hold good also for the Labour Service.

Re Article 32

It is understood that similar regulations regarding activity in party politics will be introduced by the Reich for members of non-Catholic denominations. The conduct, which has been made obligatory for the clergy and members of religious orders in Germany through the implementation of Article 32, does not involve any kind of limitation of the prescribed preaching and explanation of the dogmatic and moral teachings and principles of the Church.

In case of a change in the present German armed forces in the sense of the introduction of universal conscription, the induction of priests and other members of the regular clergy and the orders into military service will, with the understanding of the Holy See, be arranged within the framework of approximately the following guiding ideas:

a) Students of philosophy and theology at Church institutions who are preparing themselves for the priesthood are to be freed from military service and the preparatory drills for it, except in the case of a general mobilisation.

b) In the case of a general mobilization clerics who are employed in the diocese administration or the military chaplaincy are freed from reporting for duty. This applies to ordinaries, members of the ordinariate, provosts of seminaries and Church residences for seminarians, professors at the seminaries, parish priests, curates, rectors, coadjucators and the clerics who provide a church with worship services on a continuing basis.

c) The remaining clerics, insofar as they are considered suitable, are to join the armed forces of the state in order to devote themselves to pastoral care for the troops under the Church jurisdiction of the military bishops, if they are not inducted into the medical unit.

d) The remaining clergy in sacris or members of orders, who are not yet priests are to be assigned to the medical unit. The same shall apply when possible to the candidates for the priesthood mentioned in a) who have not yet taken their final vows.

(Signed) Eugenio, Cardinal Pacelli

(Signed) Franz von Papen

At the Vatican City, July 20th, 1933.

Reichskonkordat

Reichskonkordat

Image above:

„Warum muß der Katholik die Reichstagsliste Adolf Hitlers wählen? Weil im nationalsozialistischen Staat an sich und durch das Reichskonkordat
1. die Religion geschützt ist,
2. der kirchliche Frieden gesichert ist,
3. die öffentliche Sittlichkeit gewährt bleibt,
4. der Sonntag geheiligt wird,
5. die Bekenntnisschule erhalten ist,
6. das katholische Gewissen nicht mehr belastet ist,
7. der Katholik vor dem Gesetz und im Staatsleben gleichberechtigt ist,
8. die katholische Vereine u. Verbände, soweit sie ausschließl. religiösen, charativen und kulturellen Zwecken dienen, frei arbeiten können.

Deshalb muß der Katholik am 12. Nov. so wählen: Volksabstimmung: Ja – Reichstagswahl: Adolf Hitler“
Source: Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, DHM 1988/284.41

Why is a Catholic obliged to vote for the parliamentary list of Adolf Hitler? Because in the National Socialist state intrinsically and through the Reichskonkordat

1. The Faith is protected,
2. Peace with the Church is assured,
3. Public morality is preserved,
4. Sunday is hallowed,
5. Catholic schools are maintained,
6. The Catholic conscience is no longer burdened,
7. A Catholic has equal rights before the law and in the life of the nation,
8. Catholic organisations and associations, insofar as they exclusively serve religious, charitable and cultural purposes, can operate freely.

Therefore a Catholic is obliged on 12 November [1933] to vote thus:
Referendum: yes
Parliamentary election: Adolf Hitler

The usual dwerps will promote their already debunked Table Talks and other post-war moronism drifting around, stating that Adolf Hitler duped and lied to the German people. The same dwerps of six million tears generation who espouse the 6 trillion tears holohoax, who have no reasoning behind their logic and can just as well follow the six trillion crowd that Adolf Hitler “duped” the German people into being mass murdered, millions of German (and Europeans) children and women being raped, expelled, starved to death, butchered in Bolshevik concentration camps and gulags, enslaved and occupied since 1945. You have no honour or respect, but then what honour or respect do shabbat goy and their Jewish war mongers have?

Matthew 23:13-14 & Titus 1:14

Quaterionenadler

Quaterionenadler

 

 

Catholic Chaplain

Catholic Chaplain (numerous images to be posted with an update article)

 

 

Concordat between the Holy See and the Republic of Austria Signed At the Vatican City, 5 June 1933.

One of the principal aims of this concordat was to reclaim marriage for the Catholic Church. In 1875 the German Chancellor Otto von Bismark had introduced civil marriage as the legally binding contract, reducing clerical marriage to a purely private affair. Article 7 of the  Austrian concordat partly reverses this. It makes a church wedding just as legally binding as a civil ceremony. Large parts of this concordat were incorporated into the 1934 Austrian constitution, through its Article 30 §4 and much of this remains in force today. For example, as a result of Article 6, religious instruction in state schools is compulsory for all baptised Catholic children (unless they choose to opt out, which can cause them social difficulties). And due to a further concordat in 1962 a cross must be installed in classes wherever the majority of children are Christian.

Concordat Between The Holy See and the Republic of Austria of Signed At The Vatican City, 5 June 1933

His Holiness Pope Pius XI and the Republic of Austria, united in the common desire to newly regulate in an enduring fashion the legal position of the Catholic Church in the Republic of Austria to the advantage of ecclesiastical and religious life, have resolved to enter into a solemn accord.

For this purpose His Holiness has appointed as his Plenipotentiary His Eminence, the Most Reverend Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, his Secretary of State, and the President of the Republic of Austria has appointed as Plenipotentiary the Federal Chancellor, Dr. Engelbert Dollfuss and the Federal Justice Minister who is at present also entrusted with the direction of the Federal Education Ministry, Dr. Kurt Schuschnigg

who, having exchanged their respective mandates and found them to be in good and proper form, have agreed to the following Articles:

Article 1

§ 1.  The Republic of Austria assures and guarantees the Holy Roman Catholic Church in her different rites the free exercise of her spiritual power and the free and public exercise of the faith. 

§ 2.  It acknowledges the right of the Catholic Church, within the realm of her competence, to issue laws, decrees and appointments: it will neither hinder nor impede the exercise of this right, under the laws valid for all, to manage and regulate its own affairs independently and, within the framework of its own competence, to issue binding laws and ordinances for its members.

§ 3.  In fulfilling their official ecclesiastical duties, the clerics are entitled to the protection of the State.

§ 4.  In dealings and correspondence with the bishops, the clergy and the other employees of the Catholic Church in Austria, the Holy See enjoys full freedom without any exertion of influence by the Federal Government. The same holds for the dealings and correspondence of the bishops and diocesan government with the clergy and the faithful.

Article 2

In Austria the Catholic Church enjoys status under public law. Her individual organs, which according to Canon Law have legal personality, enjoy legal personality also under civil jurisdiction insofar as they already exist in Austria at the time this concordat comes into force. Those established in the future are to obtain legal personality under civil jurisdiction if they arise from the cooperation with the Government which is provided for in this concordat.

Article 3

§ 1.  Insofar as this is not otherwise determined in what follows, the Church provinces and dioceses are to remain as at present. Any change which becomes necessary in future must be agreed to in advance. This does not apply to slight changes made in the interest of pastoral care and for those adjustments which occur as a result of reassignment to a different parish.

§ 2.  There is fundamental agreement that the Apostolic Administration “Innsbruck-Feldkirch” be raised to the diocese “Innsbruck-Feldkirch” with its See in Innsbruck and receives its own General Vicariate for the Vorarlberg part of the new diocese with its See in Feldkirch. The same agreement holds regarding the raising of the Apostlic Administration in Burgenland to the Praelatura Nullius with its See in Eisenstadt. The execution of this fundamental agreement is to occur through a special accord between the Holy See and the Federal Government, as soon as the necessary arrangements have been made, especially those for the future establishment of the diocese “Innsbruck-Feldkirch”.

Article 4 

§ 1.  The choice of archbishops and bishops, as well as of prelates nullius, is the prerogative of the Holy See.

For the settlement of an archepiscopal or episcopal see (Praelatura Nullius) the individual Austrian diocesan bishops will present the Holy See with a list of suitable people, without committing it to this list.

For the settlement of an archepiscopal see of Salzburg the Holy See will submit the names of three candidates to the metropolitan chaplain in Salzburg, from which in a free, secret vote, the archbishop is to make a choice.

§ 2.  Before steps are taken to name a residing archbishop, a residing bishop or a coadjutor with the right of succession, as well as to the prelature nullius, the Holy See will inform the Austrian Federal Government of the names of prospects or those chosen, to see if it asserts claims of a general political nature against the appointment.

The process pertaining to this will be strictly confidential so that until the appointment the chosen person will be kept secret.

If from the time of the disclosure mentioned above, 15 days have passed without any answer, the silence will be interpreted as meaning that the Government has no objection to raise and the Holy See may make the appointment public with no further ado.

§ 3.  The settlement of the dignities and the canonicate in the chapters will proceed according to general Canon Law.

Article 5

§ 1.  The scholarly development of the clergy takes place at the Faculties of Catholic Theology maintained by the state or at the Theological Academies established by the appropriate church bodies.

The seminaries and similar Church facilities are solely answerable in terms of their arrangements to the senior Church authorities. 

The internal arrangements, as well as the teaching and training aspects, of the faculties for Catholic theology received from the State will be strictly regulated according to the requirements of the Apostolic Constitution, “Deus Scientiarum Dominus” of 14 Mai 1931 and the respective Church regulations. 

The procedures for carrying this out which turn out to be necessary due to the special character of these faculties or their position in the Federation of Universities will in each case be made in consultation with the competent Church authorities.

It is agreed that the theological faculty of the University of Innsbruck, especially in respect of the composition of its teaching body retains its special character.

§ 2.  All the academic degrees bestowed at the papal universities in Rome are recognised in Austria in terms of all of their ecclesiastical and civil consequences.

§ 3.  The appointment or accreditation of professors or tutors to the faculties of Catholic theology maintained by the State will occur only with the approval of the competent Church authorities.

§ 4.  If, as a result, one of the above-mentioned instructors is found by the competent Church authorities no longer to be suitable for this teaching position, his permission to exercise it will be removed.

In the case of such a divestiture there will be immediate provision through other channels for a suitable replacement according to the procedure stipulated in § 3.

Catholic religion teachers at other institutions whose canonical mission is withdrawn must be removed from the exercise of religious instruction.

Article 6

§ 1.  The Church possesses the right to administer religious instruction and conduct religious exercises for the Catholic schoolchildren in all the primary and secondary schools. It is agreed that the diocesan ordinaries will set up consultation with the highest competent state school authorities for the establishment of religious instruction which goes beyond what obtains at present.

The direction and close supervision of religious instruction and religious exercises is accorded to the Church.

The compulsory nature of religious instruction, together with religious exercises to their present extent, is guaranteed. The financial provision for this instruction is to be effected as heretofore. Additional religious instruction beyond this, including the religious exercises is for Catholic pupils likewise compulsory, when it is instituted in consultation with the State school authorities. The financial responsibility for such instruction is incumbent upon the Church, without prejudice to a possible future amicable regulation after the return to better economic times

In general religious instruction is to be administered by clergy; in case of need lay teachers and other suitable lay persons may be used, following agreement between the Church and State school authorities. Only those may be appointed as religion teachers whom the Church authorities have declared suitable for this purpose. Giving religious instruction is dependent on having the missio canonica (Article 5. § 4).

The courses of study for religious instruction will be established by the Church authorities; only those textbooks for religion may be used which have been declared permissible by the Church authorities.

§ 2.  Insofar as the state laws concerning the lower and middle school education which are presently in force give the Church additional rights and powers, she is to keep these.

§ 3.  The Church, her orders and congregations have the right, whilst observing the general school regulations, to establish and run schools of the kind mentioned in § 2, which, for as long as they fulfil these requirements, receive the rights of a state school.

§ 4.  Where such schools (§ 3) have a relatively large frequency and as a result influence the number, the extension or the establishment of comparable state schools  in such a way that the relevant school boards experience financial relief, these [Catholic schools] are to receive appropriate subsidies in proportion to the improvement of economic conditions.

Such subsidies may, under the same conditions, also be given to schools run by Catholic groups, if and for as long as they are recognised as Catholic schools by the competent diocesan ordinary and fulfil the legal requirements for acquiring the rights of a state school.

Through these measures the Catholic school system in Austria shall be promoted so as to create the conditions for the development of state Catholic schools.

Article 7

§ 1.  The Republic of Austria awards the civil legal effectiveness [state recognition] to marriages contracted under Canon Law.

§ 2.  The banns for this marriage are carried out according to Canon Law. The Republic of Austria reserves the right to also impose state banns.

§ 3.  The Republic of Austria recognises the jurisdiction of Church courts and authorities over actions involving the invalidity of marriage and the dispensation of a contracted but not consummated marriage.

§ 4.  The decisions and judgments relative to these will, after they have become final, be presented before the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature. This checks whether the regulations of Canon Law about the competence of the judge, the summons, the legal representation and the illegal nonappearance of the parties have been followed.  The [already] mentioned final decisions and judgments will be forwarded with the relevant decisions of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature to the Austrian Supreme Court. The civil legal effect cones into force with the declaration of enforce ability pronounced in a closed sitting of the Austrian Supreme Court.

§ 5.  The Church and State courts are, in line with their competencies, to render each other legal help.

Article 8

§ 1.  The Church appointment of the military vicars is effected by the Holy See, after it has been informed in a private manner by the Federal Government whether there are any general political objections to the prospective person.

The military vicar has the rank of bishop.

§ 2.  The Church appointment of the military chaplain is effected through the military vicar after previous consultation with Federal Minister for the Armed Forces.

§ 3.  After that the state appointment of the officials of the military vicariate is carried out in accordance with the state’s legal provisions.

§ 4.  The military chaplains possess in the context of the Federal Armed Forces the function of parish priests. They exercise the holy office under the jurisdiction of the military vicar.

The miltiary vicar will also exercise jurisdiction over the male and female clerical personnel in cases such hospitals are established.

Article 9

The republic of Austria recognizes the holidays established by the Church. These are:

all Sundays;
New Year’s Day;
Epiphany (6 January);
Ascension Day;
Corpus Christi;
Ascension of the Virgin (15 August);
All Saints (1 November);
Feast of the Immaculate Conception (8 December);
Christmas Day (25 December).

Article 10

§ 1.  Orders and religious congregations may in the Republic of Austria, in conformity with canonical regulations be freely founded and disposed; they are not subjected by the State to any limitation respecting their location, the number – except in the instances enumerated in Article 11 § 2 – the nature of their members or respecting the mode of life in accordance with Church-approved regulations.

Superiors appointed for life to establishments of orders in Austria whose members have stabilitas loci must possess Austrian citizenship.

§ 2.  Orders and religious congregations that may be established in the future acquire legal/juridical personality for civil matters in Austria by the competent diocesan bishop (Praelatus Nullius) filing a notice with the highest state religious administration authority which, upon application, will issue a confirmation of this.

In the other cases, the clauses of Article 2 of this concordat apply.

§ 3.  The superiors of the [Church] provinces which have their legal domicile in Austria must possess Austrian citizenship.

The superiors of [Church] provinces or orders which have their domicile outside of Austrian territory, even if they are citizens of other countries, have the right to themselves to visit their establishments in Austria or to have others do so.

§ 4.  Members of orders have the right to absolve their philosophical-theological studies at the schools of their institutes or at the papal universities in Rome.

Article 11

§ 1.  The Church authorities are entitled to make appointments to Church benefices, apart from special rights of patronage and presentation which are based on special sections of Canon Law.

The appointment to a benefice for which the Federation or a public fund exercises presentation rights will be effected through a list of three candidates which the diocesan ordinary will choose in accordance with the norms of Canon Law and the state religious administration authorities will announce.

Immediately after the appointment of a cleric to a parish benefice the diocesan bishop (Praelatus Nullius) will inform the Government.

§ 2.  In consideration of the outlay of the Federation to cover the clerics, for the direction and administration of the dioceses, for parish posts and for giving religious instruction in state schools, finally for all those clerical positions for which a donation from public funds is legally provided, only those clerics are to be appointed who

a) possess Austrian citizenship
b) have successfully completed the prescribed theological studies lasting at least three years at at a Church teaching institute for theology in Austria, at a German-language Catholic theological faculty or at a papal university in Rome.

These requirements need not apply to assistant priests or to clerics temporarily employed as religion teachers in cases where both Church and State agree to this.

On losing Austrian citizenship the cleric concerned will be removed from his office by the competent Church authority, in cases where, in consultation between Church and state authorities, leniency has not been granted.

For public ecclesiastical service the diocesan ordinary will hire or rehire clerics who have been convicted of a crime (Article 20) only with the agreement of the Federal Government.

Article 12

§ 1.  The appointment to a Church office is effective from the day of the conferment; the competent Church authorities will inform the state religious administration authorities of this date.

§ 2.  The  administration and the enjoyment of the income from benefices of clerics who are not members of orders is to be regulated according to the norms of Canon Law; however, insofar as there is a fundamental legal claim to financial benefits from either the religion funds or state resources, during the vacancy the income is paid into the religion funds.

Article 13

§ 1.  The moveable and immoveable goods of the Church as a legal person are guaranteed within the framework of the State laws which apply to everyone. In this framework the Church has the right to acquire and possess new goods; the goods thus acquired will likewise be inviolable.

§ 2.  The assets of the Church as a legal person will be administered and represented through the organs assigned [for this] by Canon Law; in the case of orders and congregations for the conduct of legal matters in the realm of the State the competent representative will be the local superior of the association concerned and, insofar as it concerns the legal matters of wider associations, the Superior of the relevant association.

The financial conduct of the Church assets takes place under the supervision and control of the competent Church authorities. Without their agreement these assets may neither be alienated nor encumbered.

Additionally, agreement of the state religious administration is required if the proposed alienation or encumbrance of basic Church assets entails the payment of subsidies or higher subsidies from public funds. The response from the state is to come before the hearing of the diocesan ordinary.

§ 3.  The Church organs are entitled to organise and administer Church foundations.

§ 4.  The Church as legal person will not be liable to any special tax or similar charges which are not also applicable to other legal persons. This also applies in the case of the schools described in Article 6 § 3 und § 4 Paragraph 2.

Article 14

The administrative affairs of the Church associations will be regulated by the Church, whereby the Church is accorded as a matter of principle the right to levy contributions; as is general in all cases which impinge upon State interests, the assessment of contributions will be made in consultation with the State authorities.

To implement this policy, guidelines will be drawn up by the Church diocesan authorities in consultation with the state’s religious administration.

To secure payment from the members of Church associations the Church will receive state assistance, insofar as these payments are imposed in consultation with the Government or are confirmed by other sections of the law.

Article 15

§ 1.  The Republic of Austria will always fulfil its financial duties to the Catholic Church which are based on law, treaty or special legal entitlements.

§ 2.  Until the new regulations to be made in consultation with the Holy See [come into force] the present congrua laws [whereby the State subsidises the clergy] form the basis for the funding of the active and pensioned clerics, and with the proviso that in the case of a change in the salaries of Federal employees an analogous change is to be made for the clergy.

§ 3.  The archbishops, diocesan bishops (Praelatus Nullius), their coaducators, auxiliary bishops and vicars-general who are not provided with a sufficient income from the funds and income of the mensa  [revenue from church property] or from the religion funds or from income stemming from the Federal treasury, will be paid a suitable supplementary allowance in accordance with a treaty to be made with the Holy See, so far as the state’s financial condition allows this.

§ 4.  As soon as the State’s financial position allows it, the new diocese “Innsbruck-Feldkirch” will receive a chapter. The number of dignitaries and canon will be determined in consultation between the Holy See and the highest state religion administration.

§ 5.  Insofar as the funds of the metropolitan and cathedral churches should prove insufficient for the maintenance of the mentioned church buildings, for the costs of the services and the wages of the necessary lay persons at these churches, the Federation, after checking the circumstances, will contribute to covering the expenses in line at least with its presentation heretofore and proportionate to the state’s financial ability to contribute.

§ 6.  The Federation will award suitable supplementary funding to the seminaries for priests which have been established in conformity with the regulations of the Church law books, as heretofore in line with the state’s financial ability to pay, the new regulation of which will be decided in consultation with the Holy See. The accounting duty to the Federation remains untouched by such allocations.

§ 7.  The establishment of Church positions for which a congrua supplement from the Federation is striven for requires the agreement of the highest state religion administration which, if required, will also confirm the juridical personality of the newly established positions for the sphere of the State. By contrast, Church positions for which the Federation makes no congrua payments, may be freely established or altered; if in the latter cases the newly established positions are also to be accorded legal personality in the sphere of the state, the competent diocesan bishop (Praelatus Nullius) will deposit an announcement about the completed establishment which serves as a confirmation of this.

Changes to parish boundaries are the prerogative of diocesan ordinaries. The highest state religion authority reserves the right to initiate changes which promote economy and which are deemed factually justifiable.

§ 8.  The buildings and land of the Federation which at present directly or indirectly serve Church purposes, including those which are enjoyed by religious orders and congregations, will also continue to be left for these purposes under possible existing treaties

§ 9.  The religion funds have an ecclesiastical character; they are juridical persons and will, until further notice, as in the past, be administered by the Federation in the name of the Church. There is to be no change in the relationship between the religion funds and the Federal Treasury, specifically also in terms of the latter’s duty of financial supplementation.

Article 16

The local chaplain and clerics who represent him are assured the right of free access to the institutional inmates for the exercise of his clerical office to those persons staying in public hospitals, convalescent and care homes and similar institutions, as well as in prisons, penal institutions, workhouses, juvenile detention centres and similar institutions, insofar as in consultation with the competent diocesan ordinary a separate institutional chaplaincy has not been established for the individual institutions.

It is agreed that in the case of the establishment of a separate institutional chaplaincy the appointment of the cleric concerned is effected in consultation with the diocesan ordinary.

Article 17

The income which the clerical force enjoys from its office is to the same extent free of distraint as the income of the employees of the Federation.

Article 18

Clerics cannot be asked by courts or other authorities to reveal information about people or things which they have received under the seal of official clerical secrecy.

Article 19

Clerics and members of orders are freed of jury duty [Geschworenen- und Schöffenamt].

Article 20

In the case of the criminal conviction of a cleric or member of an order the State court must immediately inform the diocesan ordinary responsible for the convicted person and as soon as possible impart the result of the preliminary hearing and, if applicable, the court’s final judgment in both the first instance and the court of appeal.

In the case of arrest and retention in custody the cleric (order member) shall be treated with the consideration befitting his profession and his rank in the hierarchy.

In the case of an unconditionally legally binding judgment against a cleric due to a crime, without prejudice to sundry legal consequences resulting from the criminal code, if the diocesan ordinary doesn’t remove him from his office, the Federal Government will act to suspend the donation (congrua supplement) coming to him.

Article 21

The use of the garb of clerics or members of orders by lay persons or by clerics or members of orders to whom this has been forbidden by the competent Church authorities through a final decree, who for this purpose are officially disclosed to the State authorities, is forbidden under the same penalties and punishments as forbid the misuse of military uniforms and is to be punished.

Article 22

All other matters relating to ecclesiastical persons or things which are not treated in the foregoing articles are to be regulated in accordance with the prevailing Canon Law.

If in future there is any difficulty in terms of the interpretation of the foregoing articles or if the regulation of a question about ecclesiastical persons or things not treated in this concordat, which also impinges upon the sphere of the state, becomes necessary, the Holy See and the Federal Government will, in mutual agreement, come to a friendly resolution.

With the coming into force of the present concordat all still valid laws and regulations, insofar as they contradict the provisions of this concordat, will expire.

Article 23

This concordat, whose German and Italian texts are equally valid, shall be ratified and the instruments of ratification exchanged as soon as possible. It comes into force on the day of their exchange.

In witness whereof the plenipotentiaries have signed the present concordat.

Made in two originals.

At the Vatican State on 5 July 1933.

Dr. Dollfuß, ***** (see bottom ed. note)
Federal Chancellor

Schuschnigg,
Federal Minister

Supplementary Protocol

With reference to the Concordat between the Holy See and the Republic of Austria signed in the Vatican State on 5 June 1933 the dignitaries concluding the Concordat have released the following explanations, which are to be counted as an integral part of the Concordat.

To Article 4. § 2. it is explained that if the Austrian Federal Government should raise an objection of a general political nature, the attempt is to be made to reach an agreement between the Holy See and the Federal Government analogous to the provision of Article 23. § 2 of the concordat; if this attempt is not successful, the Holy See’s selection becomes free. The same applies for the appointment of a coadjucator with succession rights for an Austrian archbishop or bishop or a Prelatus Nullius.

To Article 5. § 1 Paragraph 3. After a hearing with the competent diocesan bishops, the highest state education authorities are to determine from which Church theological schools a transfer during the course of study can be made to a Catholic theological faculty maintained by the State, after fulfilling the regular university admission requirements. With a view to this the Holy See will also make provision to adjust if possible the essential features of the course of study of these Church schools to those of the Catholic theological faculties maintained by the State.

To Article 5. § 2. Doctorates in theological specialties which have been earned at papal universities are valid in Austria, insofar as this does not concern the exercise of a secular profession.

To Article 5. § 4. If a professor who has been removed from his teaching duties in conformity with this concordat regulation finds no other state position, he will be placed in retirement as a Federal [state] teacher and be awarded the pension to which his duration of employment entitles him, and at the very least the minimum pension, so long as, in accordance with the other state regulations, he has never put into effect his entitlement to the pension.

The same obtains for the Catholic religion teachers at the state middle schools. The clause about the provision for a commensurate compensation is to be applied in an analogous fashion to these teachers.

To Artikel 6. § 1 Paragraph 1. To prevent misunderstandings it is stated that to the lower and middle schools, are also to counted the industrial, trade, agricultural and forestry, commercial and similar schools, including the respective schools for further education.

To Article 6. § 1 Paragraph 3 Sentence 1. It is the prerogative of the religion teacher to grant dispensation from participation in religious exercises.

Sentence 2. This does not preclude, that the salaries for the religion teachers be changed, in the case of a change in the analogous salaries of other teachers.

To Article 6. § 2. It is agreed that the diocesan ordinaries and their representatives are entitled to complain to the state school authorities, who will take care to redress this, if there are any deplorable conditions regarding the religious-moral life of the Catholic pupils, and also if there is any prejudicial or improper influence at school, especially as concerns any injury in the classroom to their religious convictions or religious feelings.

It is specially agreed that in Burgenland confessional schools are to exist as state schools.

It is also agreed that in the case of a change of the organisation of the school authorities in the Federal territory [Austria] or in parts of this, the hitherto existing representation of Church interests will be adequately provided for.

To Article 6. § 3. It is agreed that the ecclesiastical corporate bodies mentioned in § 3 may not be limited to appointing secular teachers if clerical teachers are available who are qualified to teach according to the state regulations, and that in carrying out the general state regulations for schools consideration will be shown in respect of any duties stemming from the regulations of the [religious] orders of the clerical teachers.

To Article 7. (1) The Republic of Austria also recognises the competence of the Church authorities to proceedings in regard to the Pauline Privilege (Privilegium Paulinum).

(2) The Holy See agrees that the proceedings in regard to the separation in marriage from bed and board is a matter for the state courts.

(3) The Holy See will issue an instruction through the Austrian episcopate which will be binding on all dioceses (Praelatura Nullius).

To Article 8. § 1. The Holy See grants that in the case of a vacancy in the office of the military chaplain, before the naming of a successor the Federal Government will in each case make known to the Holy See without obligation and in a confidential manner through diplomatic channels one or another of the persons who seem to be suitable for this. The individual diocesan bishops will also submit, analogous to the clause in Article 4. § 1 Sentence 2, a non-binding list to the Holy See.

To Article 9. This article does not affect state designation of other days as days of rest.

To Article 10. § 3. The Holy See will see to it that the provincial association of the religious establishments already existing, or to be set up in Austria when feasible, be brought into agreement with the national boundaries of the Republic of Austria.

The Federal Government takes note of the question raised by the Holy See about a re-organisation of the parishes in the territory of the Republic of Austria which incorporate religious orders and congregations or are administered by them and, insofar as it is a matter of exchanging Benedictine parishes for secular parishes, will contribute to such an action by the competent Church authorities within the limits of the financial possibilities of the Federation.

To Article 11. § 1. (1) Disagreement about whether a church or a benefice is under a patronage or, in respect to the latter, whether it falls under the free allocation right of the bishop, as well as about the question of who has a right to a church patronage or a benefice patronage, are to be decided by the Church authorities in accordance with the regulations in the Church law books. The highest state religious administration authority is to be informed of the relevant decision of the Church authorities through the transmission of an original executed copy.

(2) The Holy See accepts that all disagreements about payments which are mentioned in connection with an existing patronage will be decided by the authorities in the state religion administration through the appeal process; in such controversies insofar as the continuation of the patronage itself is in dispute and no legally binding decision of the Church authorities has been made, the Holy See agrees that the authorities of the state religion administration, where there were danger in delay, enact a provisional arrangement on the basis of the hitherto existing vested rights or, insofar as these can not immediately be ascertained, [do so] on the basis of the summarily claimed actual and legal relations.

To Article 13. § 2. The Holy See will instruct the diocesan ordinary that in transactions requiring intabulation [“Intabulation constitutes the unconditional acquisition of rights in the course of an annexation (entry into the land register).”], after a prior review, to add a clause to the deed, that against the rights or duties on the part of the Church to be entered into the register no objection exists,  and that the representatives of the Church corporations which have concluded the transactions are competent to do this.

To Article 14. The Federation grants to the associations which pursue primarily religious purposes, which constitute part of the Catholic activities and which as such are subordinate to the diocesan ordinary, full freedom in terms of their organisation and activities. The Federation will see to it that the support and development possibilities of the Catholic youth groups which are recognised by the competent Church authorities be protected and that in the youth organisations established by the state Catholic young people are guaranteed the fulfilment of their religious duties in a worthy manner and a religious-moral upbringing according to the principles of the Church.

In promoting Catholic doctrine the press will face no restrictions.

The Holy See consents that disagreements about obligations to pay money or its equivalent for religious purposes are be decided by the state authorities, without prejudice to the requirements of Sentence 2 of the Supplementary Protocol to Article 11. § 1, until there is an amicable new regulation, and indeed, if such a payment is claimed on the general basis of affiliation with a Church association, [it is to be decided] by the authorities of the state religion administration through the proper appeal process, otherwise by the civil courts. When there is danger in delay, an interim arrangement can be made, as set out in Sentence 2 of the Supplementary Protocol to Article 11. § 1.

The existing norms in the Republic of Austria, including the Law of 31 December 1894, R. G. Bl. Nr. 7 ex 1895, with reference to the building and maintenance of the church and benefice buildings, as well as with reference to the financing of the various needs of the Church, remain, with the modifications stemming from this concordat, in force until a new regulation [is made] in consultation between the Church and state authorities.

To Article 15. § 3. In this matter the costs of running the ordination offices are to be taken into account, insofar as their functions have not already been provided for, in proportion to the State’s financial resources.

To Article 15. § 5. Cutbacks due to state finances will not be made without previous contact.

To Article 22. §3. Herewith, among other things, the Laws of 7 May 1874, R.G.Bl. Nr. 50 and 51, are completely overridden.

At the Vatican City, 5 June 1933.

Dr. Dollfuß, *** (see bottom ed.note)
Federal Chancellor

Schuschnigg, 
Federal Minister

Ratification

The Federal Government declares the above Concordat between the Holy See and the Republic of Austria for ratified and promises in the name of the Federal State of Austria its conscientiously fulfilment.
In witness thereof the present ratification has been signed by the Federal President, and countersigned by the Federal Chancellor and by all the other members of the Federal Government and affixed with the seal of state of the Republic of Austria.

Concluded at Vienna, 1 May 1934

Federal President
Miklas 
The Federal Chancellor
and the other Members of the Federal Government
Dollfuß, Fey, Schuschnigg, Neustädter-Stürmer,
Buresch, Stockinger, Schönburg, Ender, Kerber, Schmitz

Announcement of the Federal Government

[The Proclamation of the concordat]

The exchange of ratification instruments was made on 1 May 1934 and hence on this day the Concordat came into effect.

Dollfuß
Supplement To The Concordat

which in … on … 1933 was signed between the Holy See and the Republic of Austria. The dignitaries concluding the Concordat have agreed that this Supplement be kept secret.

1. The Holy See will make arrangements so that within five days of a marriage the clerics will undertake the notification of the authorities of the Federal State of Burgenland necessary for the conduct of the state registers there.

2. In the case of a change in the present Austrian military system in the sense of introducing general conscription, the call-up for military service of clerics and candidates for the clerical calling will be regulated in consultation with the Holy See in the sense of the Draft of this Concordat of 10 September 1931, Number 2024/1931, submitted to the Federal Government with a note from the Secretary of State of His Holiness.

Sources:

Konkordat zwischen dem Heiligen Stuhle und der Republik Österreich + Zusatzprotokoll

**** Austrian National Socialism was a Pan-German (not to be confused with a “Cross Atlantic [new world the USA] – German pseudonism) movement that was formed at the beginning of the 20th century. The movement took a concrete form on November 15, 1903 when the German Worker’s Party (DAP) [predecessor of the NSDAP] was established in Austria with its secretariat stationed in the town of Aussig. At a party congress in Vienna in May 1918, the DAP changed its name to the Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei (DNSAP). Engelbert Dollfuß (1932–34), with its political organization — the Christian Social Party (German: Christlichsoziale Partei, CS see Karl Lueger)

Karl Lueger Photograph by Ludwig Grillich, c.1897

Karl Lueger Photograph by Ludwig Grillich, c.1897

Anti-Judaic CS poster of 1920, depicting a Judeo-Bolshevik serpent choking the Austrian eagle

Anti-Judaic CS poster of 1920, depicting a Judeo-Bolshevik serpent choking the Austrian eagle

The Third Reich after the German annexation of Austria in 1938 (A referendum on the Anschluß) with Germany was held in Austria on 10 April 1938, alongside one in Germany. Adolf Hitler easily secured popular support in an area. The result was reported as 99.73% in favour, with a 99.71% turnout. Cardinal Theodor Innitzer also made his support public.

Nach dem so genannten “Anschluss” Österreichs an das Deutsche Reich ließ Hitler diesen Schritt am 10. April 1938 durch eine Volksabstimmung absegnen. Im Vorfeld traten prominente Persönlichkeiten wie der Wiener Kardinal Theodor Innitzer, der Sozialdemokrat und ehemalige österreichische Staatskanzler Karl Renner, der frühere Bundespräsident Michael Hainisch und bekannte Künstler wie Paula Wessely und Paul Hörbiger öffentlich für eine Zustimmung ein.
Die Propaganda war allgegenwärtig. Hakenkreuz-Fahnen und Plakate bestimmten das öffentliche Leben. Presse und Rundfunk, inzwischen fest in der Hand der Nationalsozialisten, trommelten für die Zustimmung.
Am Abend des 10. April berichtete Gauleiter Josef Bürckel aus Wien das Ergebnis der Abstimmung nach Berlin. Nach amtlichen Angaben hatte es eine Zustimmung von 99,73 % gegeben. Im Deutschen Reich, dem sogenannten “Altreich” stimmten 99,08 % für den Anschluss. Die Wahlbeteiligung in Österreich lag bei 99,71 %, im Altreich bei 99,59 %.
Die eingestellten Aufnahmen stammen aus Tirol und geben Einblicke in die Atmosphäre dieser Zeit. Die Ausschnitte stammen von einer ca. 12 Minuten langen Farbfilmrolle, die wir aktuell für unser Archiv erwerben konnten.

His Eminence Theodor Innitzer

His Eminence Theodor Innitzer

Quaterionenadler

Quaterionenadler

After World War II, the liberators of both Austria and Germany started a full-scale program of de-Nazification by SHAEF (the Allied Thought Police) on both cultural and topographical levels. It continues until today on a major scale after SHAEF was renamed on 14 July 1945 and was replaced by US Forces, European Theater (USFET). USFET was reorganized as EUCOM (European Command, the present-day United States European Command)