A Message To The Spartans Of The Spirit. . . Soaring Eagles Newsletter, November 03, 2013 by Ingrid Rimland

To all –

In response to one of my Zgrams, I received a brief comment from a German lady (Linda S Schaitberger).

She wrote:

“The future of Germany is not only within Germany, it is also within the hearts of the great diaspora, those Germans all over the world who have awakened to the spirit and soul of their ancestors. We are many.”

I am running a few select portions with her permission.



Soaring Eagles – your website for culturally and politically attentive people of European ancestry Provided by Dr. Ingrid Rimland (Thank you for the support Dr.Ingrid Rimland)

The psychological and physical mutilation of Germany
Part I
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Sent: Sunday, November 03, 2013 12:59:26 PM

The following pages do not pretend to present the rights or wrongs of events of World War Two. They are neither a vindication nor a condemnation of any side of the conflict, nor are they intended as a political statement. They serve only to illustrate the ravages of war as they applied to Germany and to speak to the suffering of the German people, subjects which both tend to evoke hostility, especially when they are presented without the customary prefaces which serve to justify, rationalize, excuse and condone atrocities and crimes carried out AGAINST Germany and the German people.

To understand World War Two, it is imperative to understand World War One, for the second conflict was a tragic and inevitable continuation of the first. (…)

One must look beyond the propaganda, the Hollywood images and comic book presentations of either war to begin to comprehend how and why the utter ruination of this ancient land with its historically profound influence on European culture occurred, and how a rich, powerful nation which enjoyed a positive, even glowing image at the dawn of the twentieth century would be cut off at the knees and relegated to a stature of relative unimportance today.

Long before Germany became a nation, from before the dark ages, she had a more peaceful, less aggressive history than her European neighbors and was the principal participant in less than a quarter of the wars of England, Spain, Russia, or France. By 1914, the new German nation had enjoyed 43 years of peace and prosperity while other nations were embroiled in various global conflicts.

The efficient German Empire was well-respected around the world, having achieved astonishing technical advances: one third of all Nobel Prizes were going to German researchers and inventors. She had a superb educational system and rapidly growing industries. She was the most powerful industrial nation in the world after America. She had surpassed Britain’s economic growth rate, and she also had the most efficient army in the world, the second largest navy and a fledgling Army Air Service.

This all changed almost overnight. The violent anti-German assault was initiated by propagandists representing special interests in Great Britain a decade before World War One even broke out, and then regurgitated to embroil the USA into that conflict. It changed the image of Germany forever.

A pariah was formed in the shape of the loathsome Hun, and the zealous efforts to reinforce that image in words, music and art continued long after the war was over, branding Germany and her people absolutely repugnant in almost every corner of the world.

Probably no other ethnic group has ever been so quickly, so professionally and so intensely assaulted or so thoroughly dehumanized.

Soaring Eagles Newsletter, November 04, 2013
Part II – The psychological and physical mutilation
of Germany
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Sent: Monday, November 04, 2013 12:59:29 PM

World War One, the cultural equivalent of the Black Death to Germany, killed the seed of a whole generation. The vindictive Treaty of Versailles burdened Germany with reparations she could never repay without exposing her own people to even more suffering and death. The spitefulness, greedy motives and shortsightedness of the “peace” terms would have terrible effects in the near future.

In their quest to weaken German and Austrian power for their own monetary gain, the victors directly and indirectly abetted the virulent rise of communism which would sweep in and try to take the place of the four world Empires which had been destroyed in the aftermath of this needless conflict.

Germany lost 74.5% of her natural resources, about 13% of her land and had to forsake seven million of her people, including three million Germans in the Sudetenland. The Austrian portion of the Dual Monarchy was deprived of 3/4 of her former area and 3/4 of her people, dooming her to become an insignificant, land-locked state. In their place, the victors at Versailles created a flock of tiny, budding, nationalistic states in a chaotic manner which guaranteed future strife in Europe.

2,000,000 German soldiers were killed in the First World War. 100,000 others were missing and presumed dead and 4,814,557 had been wounded, amounting to 9 to 14 percent of Germany’s pre-war population. 85% of eligible German males had been mobilized at one point or another. In the conflict, millions of others died due to starvation from the venomous hunger blockade and further food shortages, or from influenza and other epidemics. The war changed German society forever.

One-armed, one-legged or one-eyed men, blind men, men with noses torn off or mouths ripped up or only half a face stood begging for food and carrying signs proclaiming “The War Cripples are Starving!” They came home with indelible mental scars as well, some suffering from shell shock or the insidious battle fatigue called “the shivers”. Many lost homes as a result of the German land theft at Versailles, others lost their families. While Germany was in a state of ruin, communist, anarchist and socialist agitators took advantage of the chaos. The veterans received little respect and gratitude for their sacrifices, and their suffering went uncomforted.

The First World War left a legacy not only of bitterness, but of unresolved issues and unfinished business. For Germany, there was simmering resentment at the humiliation imposed upon her and for that which had been unfairly taken from her. Beyond all this, there was overwhelming injustice in the fact that she had been held solely responsible for the entire conflict and was therefore made to suffer twice: from the toll of war itself and, while she was writhing in agony, from the vengefulness and avarice of the victors who had been just as responsible, if not more so, for the war as Germany was.

Soaring Eagles Newsletter, November 05, 2013.
Part III – The Psychological and Physical Mutilation of Germany
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Sent: Tuesday, November 05, 2013 1:00:14 PM

By the end of World War Two, the destruction of Germany was nearly complete. Germany not only lost the War, it lost a massive portion of its physical history, its cultural centers and its intellectual elite.

Millions of her people were lost, both during and after the war: five times as many Germans, both civilians and soldiers, died in the first year after war than died during the course of the entire war, and they lost their lives directly at the hands of others as a result of revenge policies: rape, expulsion, murder, forced “atonement” marches, freezing, slave labor and starvation; millions more were left with lasting physical damage from the shocking post-war brutality visited upon them.

It was amid millions of dazed, homeless people and upon the ruins of hundreds of medieval cities, murdered German prisoners of war, raped German women, starving German children and wandering orphans that the victors performed the coup de grâce: Following unconditional capitulation, Germany was immediately partitioned into four isolated occupation zones, further intensifying its incapacitation and readying it for a controversial, methodically developed, sharply focused and skillfully applied program of psychological assault labeled “re-education”.

This brain-washing program was geared to ensure the rejection of everything that had thus far constituted the national German character and German behavioral patterns that maintain any sort of national identity as well as any pride in German cultural, spiritual and intellectual heritage. This intense campaign structured a “new Germany” to have purely “American values”, and it only allowed to Germany a history which began in 1945 with her defeat, relegating all which had come before as unworthy of remembrance.

This program, which was so psychologically ruthless that it did not allow people to grieve their own losses, was so successful that even sixty some years later, words such as “Heimat”, “Vaterland” or “Volk” remain “dirty words” to the modern German who has been convinced that Germany was “liberated” by having millions of its civilian non-combatants intentionally murdered by Allied bombing.

They remained convinced that Germany was “liberated” by the murder of millions of surrendered German prisoners of war through intentional starvation and exposure, and the murder of millions of refugees as they attempted to flee violent, rampaging, communist hordes who stole their homes.

They have been convinced that Germany was “liberated” by the loss of a third of her ancestral territory and her Eastern provinces, and by the brazen theft of her private and public property, art treasures, historical monuments, cultural institutions and patents.

They have been so deeply shamed that they have allowed collective guilt to be bestowed upon them … and their children and their children’s children, accepting their nation’s future as one spent in a hair shirt of perpetual atonement.

If the present birthrate in Germany continues, their population will have declined by over half, the lowest birth rate in Europe, as it has been for some time. It is exceptionally low in former East Germany, where the city of Chemnitz is thought to have the lowest birth rate in the world. Austria also has one of the lowest birthrates in the world today.

The Allied foreign policy crusade was for victory at any cost, even at the cost of the destruction of traditional values and culture and, if need be, the destruction of the planet itself.

Yet, it is becoming increasingly more difficult to question the necessity and wisdom of that conflict. Indeed, the event we call World War Two is fast becoming off limits to further debate, closer scrutiny, re-evaluation and revision. Those stimulating intellectual activities which, although occasionally uncomfortable and inconvenient, have traditionally taken place after every other conflict in human history in an effort to search for truth and accurately define human events for posterity, have been narrowed in scope in a good part of the world by legislation which restricts free speech by limiting which aspects of that event we can freely speak of and which aspects are criminal to discuss, question or investigate further – surely not a trend indicative of the cherished “democratic values” the victors intended.

Soaring Eagles Newsletter, November 05, 2013
Part IV – The Psychological and Physical Mutilation of Germany
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Sent: Wednesday, November 06, 2013 12:59:46 PM)

When people think of the Allied bombing of Germany, “Dresden” automatically springs to mind, surely not Wesel, Nürnberg or Würzburg or the hundreds of other obliterated German towns and cities.

While people uselessly debate the death toll at Dresden, attention is diverted from the 45,000 to 50,000 civilians murdered in the bombing of Hamburg, or the 10,000 people intentionally burned alive in Kassel, where every building in the city center was hit by at least two of 460,000 “fire sticks” dumped on the city to create a firestorm with temperatures of 1500°C.

Neither is anyone aware that 20% of Nordhausen’s civilian population was killed in a mere fifteen minutes or that one out of three Pforzheimers was murdered and thousands more hideously injured from an unnecessary bombing based on nothing more than a rumor.

We were led to believe that a campaign which dropped environmentally catastrophic bombs with the force of major earthquakes, bombs which actually changed weather patterns, exterminated whole species of birds and insects and altered the shape of the map, were all within the normal range of warfare and implemented for the “greater good”, carried out only in cases of sheer and utter necessity.

We accepted the faulty premise that the carefully planned incineration of thousands of innocent women and children was justified. We accepted the preposterous notion that there was only one villain in this conflict, one supreme face of evil that absolved all others of any wrongdoing.

We were led in this direction by a relentless effort still being carried out to both conceal the truth and to excuse criminal behavior.

Until recently, nobody understood fully that the terror bombing of German civilians was not a “friendly fire” mistake, or the result of a bomber missing its mark. We bought the fairy tale that schools, churches, cathedrals and castles were hit only when “enemy soldiers were firing from them” or because some small town mayor “refused to surrender”.

Until the Internet leaked out uncensored, unfiltered information, most of the grim images and graphic accounts of the horror which rained from the skies over Germany were hidden neatly away and free from scrutiny, judgment or condemnation. Mortality figures from Allied bombing, kept top secret for many years, now trickled out, as did photos, personal accounts and old newspaper clippings.

We were led to believe that the Allied bombings delivered on Germany were a legitimate response to an equal number of bombings Germany was delivering on Britain, and the only images of wartime bombings we were exposed to were those carried out by Germany, mainly of the Blitz.

In reality, Germany bombed Britain with a mere five percent of the tonnage that Britain slammed on Germany, and more British bombs fell on the city of Berlin alone than German bombs fell on Britain during the entire war.

The targeting of residential areas of Hamburg was a coldly calculated and intentionally planned mass murder of civilians, and British and American bombers killed over a hundred times as many civilians in that one event as did the German raid on the heavily defended, major industrial center of Coventry, England, which resulted in the loss of around 400 civilian lives.

At about the same time that the scope of the Allied bombing of Germany was suddenly being exposed and re-examined, initiating a murmur of criticism, a monument of British Air Chief Arthur Harris shot up in Britain. Harris, clearly the figure most associated with the bombing destruction, clearly laid out his murderous plans on October 25, 1943:

“The aim is the destruction of German cities, the killing of German workers and the disruption of civilized community life through-out Germany. It should be emphasized that the destruction of houses, public utilities, transport and lives, the creation of a refugee problem on an unprecedented scale, and the breakdown of morale both at home and at the battle fronts by fear of extended and intensified bombing are accepted and intended aims of our bombing policy, they are not by-products of attempts to hit factories.”

Harris was but one of many calling for the utter and total destruction of Germany and her people at any cost, even that of their own men.

Soaring Eagles Newsletter, November 07, 2013
Part V – The Psychological and Physical Mutilation of Germany –
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Sent: Thursday, November 07, 2013 12:59:37 PM)

Initial RAF bombing of military targets was dangerously unsuccessful. Only one out of five bombs reached within five miles of its intended target and nearly half of British bombers were being shot down. Therefore, the British leadership was already coldly studying the idea of terror bombing city centers instead, setting aside morality issues.

By early 1942, members of Churchill’s Cabinet openly suggested that the strategic bombing of Germany be directed against German working-class houses, leaving factories and military objectives alone. This policy was implemented in full in 1942 when, upon his taking over the entire U.K. Bomber Command, Harris issued the following directive:

“It has been decided that the primary objective of your operations should now be focused on the morale of the enemy civil population and in particular, of industrial workers”, a policy intended to terrorize the German population into subjugation.

Technically, Wilhelmshaven, which had been bombed by 25 RAF bombers on Sept. 4, 1939, was the first terror bombing in the war. However, the first well-known deliberate cultural attack on and mass bombing of a historic city was the RAF attack on Lübeck on Palm Sunday, March 28, 1942.

The destruction of Hamburg came on the night of July 27, 1943 and followed a smaller bombing three days earlier. In this second attack, a mix of munitions was used which had a higher proportion of incendiaries, including deadly phosphorus. It was here, not Dresden, that term Feuersturm or firestorm was first used, and at least 45,000 to 55,000 civilians were intentionally murdered in an agonizing manner in the well-crafted firestorm that corralled the population, leaving them no escape.

The heinous ten day long firebombing not only murdered thousands, it left a million people homeless and the historic ancient city wholly obliterated. The choreographed inferno circled the city and spread inward, creating a swirling column of super-heated air which generated ferocious 150 mile per hour tornado-like winds capable of snatching up small children and plucking babies from their mother’s arms.

People were fried to the melting pavement or slowly choked by poison gases in cellars. At the same time the US military denied to the American public that any terror bombing was taking place, they were supplying the British with the napalm-like phosphorous to burn German civilians alive. The chemical cannot be extinguished once ablaze, and the exploding phosphorous bombs sprayed their contents on people in such a way that a horrible death was the inevitable outcome.

With Hamburg, the world media, starting in London, turned the mass murder of German civilian populations into an “acceptable” and “legitimate” method of war, and RAF bombing runs would often be blithely referred to as “Hamburgisations” by their crews from then on.

Aside from the “normal” terror bombings, cities incinerated by these fiendishly crafted firestorms included Dresden, Wuppertal, Hamburg, Remscheid, Kassel, Braunschweig, Kaiserslautern, Saarbrücken, Darmstadt, Stuttgart, Heilbronn, Ulm, Pforzheim, Mainz, Würzburg and Hildesheim. All suffered an immense amount of civilian casualties.

10,000 died in Kassel’s firestorm. Darmstadt, a harmless classic center of German culture, produced less than two-tenths of one percent of Germany’s total war production, yet, a minimum of ten percent of Darmstadt’s population died as a result of its intentionally created firestorm.

Pforzheim lost one-third of its people. Wurzberg was 89% destroyed with 5,000 civilian deaths, and 90,000 people were left homeless. From July 1944 to January 1945, a low average of 14,000 German civilians, not including countless undocumented refugees, were killed from bombings every month in just the western German areas.

While the US partook in the destruction of some cities, only 6% of American bombs actually fell on German city centers. At the peak of the bombing “war” in 1945, the U.S. Eighth Air Force dropped fully half of its bombs on transportation targets; the figure for the RAF was only 13%.

The RAF Bomber Command would end up killing three German civilians for every one killed by the U.S.A.

Soaring Eagles Newsletter, November 08, 2013.
Part VI – Targeting of the Refugees
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Sent: Friday, November 08, 2013 12:59:47 PM)

Winston Churchill, 1944: “Expulsion is the method which, in so far as we have been able to see, will be the most satisfactory and lasting. There will be no mixture of populations to cause endless trouble. A clean sweep will be made. I am not alarmed by these transferences.”

The expulsions and genocide carried out by the communists put thousands upon thousands of homeless, wandering refugees on the roads in harm’s way to fulfill Stalin’s objective to “modestly reduce the German population” – and the Allies were more than eager to assist him. These innocent non-combatants, who already suffered from appalling rape, robbery, drowning and enslavement now became targets for bombs as well.

In January 1945, although German defeat was clearly imminent, Harris and Charles Portal, British Chief of the Air Staff during most of the war, further advocated more destruction being visited upon:

“Magdeburg, Leipzig, Chemnitz, Dresden, Breslau, Posen, Halle, Erfurt, Gotha, Weimar, Eisenach, and the rest of Berlin”, in other words, all points refugees were flocking to.

Part of the impetus of the British plan named “Operation Thunderclap” was to target the sorry lot of frantic refugees fleeing from the Red Army, millions of terrified people who had already suffered losing their homes, farms, fathers, sons and husbands, human beings who had already endured brutal rape, theft, starvation and had spent agonizing days and weeks walking on frozen feet to what they hoped was safety.

Bomber Command was ordered to attack their anticipated destinations in order to, in their own words, “cause confusion in the evacuation from the east,” referring not to retreating troops, but to these civilian refugees (only secondarily, to “hamper the movements of troops from the west”).

Portal was even more zealous than Harris. He was promoted to marshal of the Royal Air Force in June 1944 and in February, 1945 he was present at the Yalta Conference which laid the blueprint for the deaths and relocation of millions of German civilians in the east.

In early 1944, after much of Germany was already in ruins, Portal strongly argued for using his hugely increased bomber force to not only continue to carry out its murderous precision bombing, but to even more indiscriminately “area bomb” all German cities with populations exceeding 100,000 into total and complete oblivion, confident that this would lead to “victory” within six months.

What it led to was mass slaughter.

When ordering the bombing of Chemnitz following the destruction of Dresden, the Allied commander stated the motive to his pilots:

“The reason you are going there tonight is to finish off the refugees who managed to escape Dresden.”

Women, children and old folks, human beings, were now to be shot at and incinerated under the approved guidelines both the British and Americans had set in place and implemented to eliminate the future “refugee problem” for their Soviet allies. (…)

By February 3, 1945, there was no surprise when Berlin was attacked again in bombing orchestrated by Spaatz, this time killing another 25,000 people, including thousands more undocumented refugees.

City after city was destroyed after Germany’s doom was obvious, and under “Operation Clarion” smaller towns and cities were incinerated under the flimsiest of pretexts. Nürnberg was attacked because it was an “ideological” center, and likewise, Bayreuth and other small, ancient cities.

“We have got to be tough with Germany and I mean the German people, not just the Nazis. You either have to castrate the German people or you have got to treat them in such a manner so they can’t just go on reproducing people who want to continue the way they have in the past.” (Roosevelt)

Centuries old castles, cathedrals, medieval villages and ancient libraries were at this late stage all needlessly lost forever. Bach’s, Goethe’s and Durer’s birth houses, Martin Luther landmarks, Leipzig’s ancient book district, the grand cathedrals, were all now deemed legitimate targets. Towns having little or nothing to do with the war effort and with no military significance were needlessly obliterated at this point in unnecessary and simply devastating vengeance attacks on civilian populations.

The most intense period of bombing occurred between January and May of 1945 when German cities were virtually defenseless. The Allies then bombed German cities “round the clock”.

“You must understand that this war is not against Hitler or National Socialism, but against the strength of the German people, which is to be smashed once and for all, regardless of whether it is in the hands of Hitler or a Jesuit priest.” Winston Churchill

The mounting devastation of European heritage had already been raised in vain in British parliament by the Bishop of Chichester on February 9, 1944. The Bishop begged for a more humane approach:

“In the fifth year of the war it must be apparent to any but the most complacent and reckless how far the destruction of European culture has already gone. We ought to think once, twice and three times before destroying the rest.”

His words fell on deaf ears and he was ruthlessly vilified.

There were abysmal British losses from the time Arthur Harris took charge of the expanded bombing operations until the end of war, yet Harris only allowed 26 per cent of Bomber Command’s attacks to be directed against Germany’s remaining oil facilities between January and May of 1945, while he fanatically continued to concentrate his resources on civilian area bombing, a policy which not only murdered thousands more civilians unnecessarily, but killed hundreds of his own men as well.

“There are no innocent civilians. Nowadays you fight a people, not armed forces.” General Le May

In March of 1945, after the dirty deeds were done and hundreds of German cities and towns lay in ruins, Churchill, ever the politician, “distanced himself” from the homicidal bombing campaign after Dresden’s destruction resulted at long last in some unfavorable publicity. He wrote that “the destruction of Dresden remains a serious query against the conduct of Allied Bombing”. Even so, with the German military/industrial complexes already in ruins, the British and Americans compiled new “hit lists” which included wanton civilian attacks on mainly small, rural towns that had not yet been assaulted and whose populations were praying for peace.

In the vicinity of the great castle of Mad King Ludwig lies Ellingen, a small town in Bavaria which had 1,500 inhabitants, most of them farmers. Ellingen had nothing of military value to attack and was totally unprepared on February 23, 1945 when 25 American bombers dumped 285 high explosive bombs on the hamlet in a surprise attack which left 120 bomb craters and killed the town’s farm animals along with 98 villagers.

U.S. General Frederick Anderson explained that these late stage terror bombings were NOT carried out to shorten the war but rather to teach the Germans a lesson:

“If Germany was struck all over it will be passed on, from father to son, thence to grandson, as a deterrent for the initiation of future wars”.

This “noble” sentiment can no longer excuse the fact that at the dismal end of war, countless thousands of innocent civilians were needlessly roasted alive and forced to watch their children die in agony. Women in villages across Germany struggled to climb up church steeples, water towers and roof tops to drape white sheets hoping for mercy which was not given.

Allied bombing destroyed 3.5 million homes, leaving more than 20 million Germans homeless. It destroyed 2000 medieval houses in Frankfurt, 1000 in Hildesheim, 1000 in Nuremburg, 2000 in Braunschweig and thousands of others elsewhere.

Only three medieval German cities, Bamberg, Heidelberg and Göttingen, remained, for the most part, intact. It wiped out such architectural gems as the Baroque center and Archbishop’s Residenz in Wurzburg, the Residenz in Munich, the Hanseatic cities of Lubeck and Bremen, all of Dresden, the Prussian royal palaces at Potsdam and countless others.

Most major German town and cities suffered total destruction to their historic inner city areas of at least 90%: Augsburg, Aachen, Cologne, Leipzig, Dortmund, Stuttgart, Freiburg, Hamburg, Kassel, Magdeburg, Mannheim, Nürnberg, Worms, and many, many more.

The most mind-boggling fact is that most of the destruction occurred in the months of February and March 1945, just weeks before the German surrender, when German defenses were minimal or absent and the war was all but over. Over 80 million incendiary sticks were dropped on German cities by war’s end. The human death count may never be known, but to this day continues, inexplicably and unforgivably, to be intentionally lowered to an unbelievable and unrealistic level by whichever current formula is popular among conformist social scientists and easy to digest by a public unwilling to give up their heroes.

Soaring Eagles Newsletter, November 09, 2013
Part VII – Expulsion of the Ethnic Germans: An Overview –
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Sent: Saturday, November 09, 2013 12:59:33 PM)

“Since the end of the war about 3,000,000 people, mostly women and children and aged men, have been killed in eastern Germany and south-eastern Europe; about 15,000,000 people have been deported or had to flee from their homesteads and are on the road. About 25 per cent of these people, over 3,000,000, have died. About 4,000,000 men and women have been deported to Eastern Europe and Russia as slaves. It seems that the elimination of the German population of Eastern Europe – at least 15,000,000 people – was planned in accordance with decisions made at Yalta.”

The story of the expulsion of Eastern European Germans, which ended close to 1,000 years of German presence in areas now considered to be parts of Poland, the Czech Republic, Russia and other Eastern European states, has not been fairly regarded as the epochal event that it was: the most horrendous ethnic cleansing in the history of the world and one which changed the ethnic face of Europe. The expulsions resulted in the largest exchange of population in European history and were the result of three undeniably predominant factors: Greed, politics and revenge.

A generation is dying or already dead, a generation of human beings who hold in their hearts and minds the memory of being violently torn from a cherished homeland and subjected to barbarities few of us can even imagine. They bore witness to catastrophic and untold hardships which we are forbidden from referring to as genocide. Soon, their voices will be silent.

Alone, the expulsion of millions of Prussian Germans between 1944 and 1947 was accomplished in an immensely sinister manner, yet it is an event that has been ignored, minimized or rationalized by the mainstream media.

Most countries which once had a substantial ethnic German presence no longer do. Entire ethnic German cities and regions vanished in the aftermath of World War Two. When Stalin promised a “modest reduction in the German Population” to Churchill and Roosevelt, his homicidal plans were greeted with a wink and a nod, and that goal was accomplished with lethal zeal. Although, as in the case with mortality figures from Allied bombing, the number of victims is relentlessly downsized, these violent expulsions displaced and murdered millions of innocents in any case.

Agreeing to Stalin’s murderous plans to uproot both Poles and Germans, Churchill said in the House of Commons in 1944:

“Expulsion is the method which, in so far as we have been able to see, will be the most satisfactory and lasting. There will be no mixture of populations to cause endless trouble. A clean sweep will be made. I am not alarmed by these transferences.”

In November 1944, President Franklin Roosevelt agreed, and chief advisors to both Roosevelt and Churchill argued for a solution to the “German problem” as calculated and as chilling as Stalin’s.

Soaring Eagles Newsletter, November 10, 2013.
The Psychological and Physical Mutilation of Germany -Part VIII
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Aside from countless German civilians who fled in advance of the Red Army and were bombed, drowned or shot at, since the British and Americans agreed at Yalta to redraw historic German borders, they abetted, authorized and encouraged the deportation of millions of ethnic German civilians and gave to vengeance-fueled Communist governments the power for who, where and how these citizens would be deported, a power which would inevitably be greatly abused.

Chaos, kidnapping, rape, thievery and mass murder were the order of the day. Poles, Czechs and others, with the assistance of the Red Army, sometimes gave the populations of whole German villages only minutes to vacate their homes. The Germans were either collected by force or ordered to gather at a central location where selected individuals were ripped from the group and beaten, executed, or dragged off for slave labor in a ruthless process which even tore children from their mothers’ arms.

The evicted Germans were methodically stripped of their most personal and dearest possessions before being taken to train stations where they were indecently prodded for hidden valuables, shoved aboard cars without adequate food, water or sanitation facilities, and speedily shipped to occupation zones in Germany where they were simply dumped.

Others were forced to walk hundreds of miles to destinations which were often in rubble, and few of them reached these destinations with even a handbag left in their possession. Many died on the roadside from disease, exposure or starvation. Forbidden to ever return home, all of their worldly goods were confiscated.

But many never made it to a home in Germany. Thousands were deported for forced labor in the USSR after Secret Order 7161 of 1944 issued by USSR State Defense Committee made possible the internment of all adult Germans from Romania, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Bulgaria. About ten per cent of the victims died just in the course of transportation to Russia as a result of hunger, murder and cold.

Half of the so-called ‘repatriated displaced persons’ died in camps, one of the worst being the Kolyma Camp. The numbers of deaths and expulsions sky-rocketed at war’s end. In the USSR, over 75% of German civilian slaves worked the mines in Ukraine and 11% worked in the Urals. By 1946, out of the German “arrested internees”, 39% died, and of 875,000 other German civilians who were abducted and transported to the camps, over 50% perished.

Labor camps for Germans existed not only in the Soviet Union, but in almost all the regions from which Germans were displaced, the last ones not being closed until 1950. In Poland and areas under Polish administration, there were 1,255 camps: 6,048 out of about 8,000 people died in Lamsdorf camp alone.

In Czechoslovakia, 2,061 camps existed: in the Mährisch-Ostrau camp around 350 people were tortured to death by early July 1945. In Yugoslavia, there were gruesome death camps: the Red Cross found 1,562 camps and prisons there. By May of 1945, practically all of the Yugoslav Germans who did not flee in time were living and dying in camps.

The standard, unrevised estimates which have stood for sixty years say that between 1945 and 1950, from 11,730,000 to 15,000,000 German civilians fled and/or were expelled from the eastern territories of Germany proper and from the Eastern European countries. Other estimates were much higher.

“Population transfers”, from highest to lowest, were from former eastern Germany, then Czechoslovakia next, then Poland, Danzig, Yugoslavia, Romania, Hungary, the Baltic states and, lastly, the USSR. And besides the forced expulsion and murder of millions of these people, at least another 3.1 million simply “disappeared” during the expulsion/liquidation process.

But figures do not tell the story. They are not only untrustworthy, they are inconsequential. The consistent “debates” which take place over mere numbers and petty statistics serve only to deflect attention from the real issue: the intentional persecution of innocent people, whether they be one thousand or fifteen million, and a wrong which history has thus far not set right.

(source: http://www.exulanten.com/hell.html)


In communist Yugoslavia there were some taboo themes whose very mention raised the suspicion of enmity against the regime. The entire state and party machinery contributed to an organized ignorance of these themes and organized non-repentance for them. One of these subjects was Bleiburg. The relative silence about Bleiburg lasts until today, because the former communists, and their children, make great efforts in preventing the whole truth about that horrible slaughter to be widely known. But, as Cardinal Bozanić said in his speech in Bleiburg on 13th of May 2007, the Croatian nation has the right to know the truth about the suffering of their own people in Bleiburg and on their subsequent Way of the Cross, where mass crimes were committed with the knowledge, consent and order of the top officials of the “democratic” Federal State of Yugoslavia led by the supreme commander of the Yugoslav People’s Army, the first secretary od the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and the president of the “democratic” Federal State of Yugoslavia – Marshal Josip Broz Tito.

What happened at Bleiburg
on 14th, 15th and 16th of May 1945?

On the 4th of May 1945 began the exodus of the greater part of the Croatian Armed Forces and civilian population westwards in order to surrender themselves to the Allies before the advancing communist partisans. According to the British war archives (War Office 1704465) towards Bleiburg, at the Yugoslav-Austrian border, were approaching altogether 200,000 Croatian troops which accompanied and protected about 500,000 civilians , with the intention to cross over to the British-controlled territory, to surrender to the British and put themselves under British protection. This part of the Croatian mass exodus arrived on Loibach Field in front of Bleiburg in the afternoon hours of the 14th of May , where the commanding officers of the Croatian Armed Forces led by General Herenčić established contact with the command of the British unit which was stationed there and told them, that they wanted to surrender to the British Army and to put the civilian population under British protection. The British commending officer replied that he had been informed of the coming of the Croats , and that the Croats would be allowed tomorrow to continue their march towards the West and to keep their arms. However, next day on the 15th of May the whole situation changed. The reversal happened after the political adviser of the Supreme Allied Commander for the Mediterranean Field Marshal Harold Alexander , with his seat at Caserta near Naples, Harold MacMillan, directly responsible to the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, on the 13th of May 1945 in Klagenfurt ordered to the commander of the 5th Corps of the British 8th Army, General Charles Keightley, that “a great number of the renegade Yugoslav troops, excluding the “chetniks”, should be handed over to the Yugoslav partisans.” That order was contrary to the promise given by Field Marshal Alexander that the Allies would receive as war prisoners the Croatian troops after these surrender their weapons. This promise was given by Alexander to a representative of the Holy See, when Pope Pius XII, at the request of the Croatian Cardinal Stepinac, intervened with the Allied Commander to save the fleeing Croatian people. That the intention of the partisans was to prevent the surrender of the Croatian refugees to the Allies could be concluded from the following telegram sent by Tito, as the supreme commander of the Yugoslav Army, to his troops on the 13th of May 1945, that is after the end of the war. The command in the telegram ran as follows: “The Third Army reports that on the area Konjice Šoštanj towards Dravograd there is a group of “ustashas” (the word in Croatian means “insurgent”) with some “chetniks” (Serbian soldiers loyal to the king) , altogether over 50,000 persons. With them are Pavelić, Maček, members of the Croatian Government and a great number of criminals. They are trying to cross over Dravograd and to surrender to the English.

One division of General Kosta is holding the area of Naravosinrodo, and the other has near Šentilj cut the road between Velenje and Dravograd. You must at once go forward with your forces from the Celje region in the direction Šoštanj – Sloven Gradec in order to concentrate the attack to destroy this group.”(The original cable is kept in the Military-Historical Institute in Belgrade). We must add to the above telegram what Tito’s general Kosta Nađ, who at that time commanded the Third Army which was responsible for the fate of the Croatian soldiers and civilians, told the Belgrade weekly “Reporter” on the 13th of January 1985. In that interview Nađ said, that at that time 150,000 enemies fell into his hands, and that “of course, at the end we liquidated them”. Nađ added that he had immediately reported to Tito about this “success”, and that it was “the last war report in the Second World War”.

However, let us return to the negotiations at Bleiburg. The commander of the 8th British Army which occupied those parts of Austria was General Sir Richard McCreery, and the commanding officer of the 5th British Corps was General Charles Keightley. Two Croatian Armies which together with civilian population were withdrawing towards the British troops in Austria counted on the 13th of May 1945 17 divisions (over 200,000 men). At 9 a.m. on the 14th of May 1945 the Croatian liaison officer of Jewish extraction Deutsch-Maceljski offerred to the British the surrender of these two armies and of the civilians. We must keep in mind that the Second World War had already ended. The British procrastinated with the negotiations until Tito’s negotiator Commissioner Milan Basta and the British negotiator Brigadier Patrick Scott succeeded in cheating and intimidating General Herenčić that the Croatian Army lay down its weapons and raise the white flags of surrender.
The surrender to the communists began on the 15th of May 1945 at 4 p.m. This was in keeping with the order given by MacMillan and Harold Alexander to hand over the Croats to Tito’s commuinists. According to the eyewitness report of the Dominican priest Drago Kolimbatović, during the surrender English soldiers were lying at the rims of the meadow with machine-guns pointing at the Croats. Kolimbatović further states:” What followed was a bitter experience which we could have expected from the wild Bushmen but never from the cultured Englishmen.

Under the pretence of checking whether we were hiding weapons, their soldiers indulged in robbery. They took away all golden and valuable objects which some of the Croats carried with themselves in order to ease their hardships in foreign lands.” Kolimbatović summarizes the behaviour of the British in the following words:” In the English instead of refuge, we found executioners.” (Quoted from the weekly “Glas Koncila” of 13th May 2007). In order that the British perfidy be even greater , Fieldmarshal Alexander sends Tito a strictly confidential telegram on the 16th of May 1945, that is one day after the surrender of the Croats to the Yugoslav communists, telling Tito that the British would like to hand over the Croatian prisoners to him and asking Tito, whether he agrees with this proposal. Tito replies to Alexander on the 17th of May that he had received his telegramme concerning the proposed handover of 200,000 “Yugoslavs” and that he (Tito) consents with gratitude to this proposal. All this was happening after the Croats had already been extradited to Tito’s communists and after many of them had already been slaughtered.

What has actually happened on the 15th of May 1945, the day of the surrender ? When after the laying down of the weapons Tito’s partisans were certain that their victims could no longer defend themselves and that the British did not intend to intervene (the British, namely, threatened that they would bombard the Croatian troops and civilians if the Croats did not immediately lay down their arms), the partisan commissioner Milan Basta, a Serb from Lika, issued his order. What thereupon followed could be described only by those who were present at that apocalyptic massacre. Here is the testimony of one eyewitness. “Men, women and children were falling down in sheaves while the partisans were mowing left and right with their machine  guns over the open field. Soon so many people were slaughtered that the partisans ventured to descend among the survivors and with visible pleasure to beat them to death, to kick them with boots and to stab them with bayonets.” (Report of the eyewitness Ted Pavić in Nikolaj Tolstoy’s book “The Minister and the Massacres”, London 1986, p. 104). Another eyewitness Jure Raguz reports, that in his vicinity he saw a desperate Croatian officer shoot his two small children, a boy and a girl, then his wife and in the end himself (quoted on the above indicated page). When the slaughter at Bleiburg was finished on the 16th of May, the remaining mass of disarmed and frightened Croatian prisoners was driven on foot into Yugoslavia, to the blood-fields of Kočevski Rog and others further on, on a death march known as the “Way of the Cross”. A Slovenian Franc Perme in his documentary book “Concealed graves and their victims” proves, that in the first days after the end of the Second World War, only within the area of Slovenia, therefore outside of Austrian Bleiburg, 189,000 Croats were killed, and further 144,500 died in the death columns on the Way of the Cross from the Slovenian-Croatian border to the Romanian border.

As regards Kočevski Rog, a place in Slovenia, the Croatian daily “Slobodna Dalmacija” on the 12th of September 1999 printed the statement of Albert Svetina, the first party secretary (1944-1945) of the Slovenian branch of the odious secret service OZNA (later called UDBA), that at Kočevski Rog the communists killed at least 40,000 persons , men, women, and children. Among the executioners at Kočevski Rog especially prominent were soldiers of a company numbering 60 to 70 members which belonged to the 26th Dalmatian division. These threw their victims into deep gorges, some of the victims still alive and with their hands tied by wire, some of them already dead.

This company was commanded by Captain Nikola Maršić, and its deputy commissioner (ideologico-political function) was Albert Štambuk. This company was protected by the 11th Dalmatian brigade. According to the report of one eyewitness, a young partisan, member of the 11th Dalmatian brigade, during his stay of eight days at Kočevski Rog 30,000 to 40,000 prisoners were killed and thrown into two neighbouring mountain ravines. According to the testimony of the Slovenian secret service (OZNA) official Zdenko Zavadlav a group of killers headed by Simo Dubajić were especially zealous in the slaughter of Croats. Zavadlav said that the order to kill the enemies came from the very top, because the revolution was still lasting. (Sunday’s daily “Jutarnji list” of 25th of May 2003). It should also be added that the British General Keightly on the 24th of May 1945 handed over to Tito also those Croats which were sheltered as refugees in the Austrian refugee camp Viktring. Probably after hearing about mass killings and massacres committed by Tito’s soldiers to the extradited Croats, Field Marshall Alexander issued on the 4th of June 1945 an order about the so-called new army policy regarding the “Yugoslavs” to be implemented at once. That order forbade the extradition to Yugoslavia or to the Yugoslav troops of any “Yugoslav” against his or her will, and that all those “Yugoslavs” who carred arms against Tito would be treated as surrendered persons and sent to Viktring Camp in Austria.

Unfortunately, for many so-called “Yugoslavs”, soldiers and civilians, this Alexander’s remorse came too late.

Which crimes were committed at Bleiburg ?

Here we put the question of legal qualification of criminal offences committed by the British and the Yugoslav communist armed forces at Bleiburg and of the accountability for those crimes.

Although Bleiburg is a small part of those heinous crimes committed by the Yugoslav communist army after Bleiburg, at Kočevski Rog, on the death marches and on many other places, we shall limit our presentation to the crimes committed at Bleiburg. The act of the British commanders at Bleiburg of handing over to the Yugoslav communists the Croatian soldiers and civilians who surrendered to them is almost without precedent in the history of civilised nations, and it is contrary to the provisions of international convention and customary law of war. When they surrendered at Bleiburg, members of the Croatian armed forces acquired the status of British prisoners of war and the Croatian civilians that of asylum seekers, in consequence of which there arose between the Croats and the British mutual rights and obligations prescribed by international law. These rights and obligations are especially set out in the Geneva Convention of 27th of July 1929 on the procedure with prisoners of war, which was applicable at that time.

This Convention was signed, among other states, by Great Britain and the other participants in the Second World War. In January 1943 the Independent State of Croatia acceded to the Convention through the for this purpose competent Swiss Allied Council. In accordance with the provisions of this Convention Great Britain had to take care about the safety of life of its Croatian prisoners of war, protect them against violent acts (art.2) and settle them in areas sufficiently distant from battlefields to put them out of danger (art.7). The objection cannot be admitted that Great Britain did not have that obligation in view of the fact that it did not formally recognise the Independent State of Croatia, because Great Britain was properly informed about the accession by the Croatian State to the above mentioned Convention, in consequence of which it had an unconditional obligation based on international law to protect the imprisoned Croatian soldiers. Great Britain could perhaps use another pretext for extraditing its Croatian prisoners of war into Tito’s hands. The above mentioned Geneva Convention was unilaterally altered to a certain extent by decisions made during the war by the four great powers, USA, Great Britain, USSR and France. According to these alterations the so-called war criminals which could be found among prisoners of war could be extradited for trial and punishment to any allied state which demanded that.

After the end of the Second World War the above mentioned four great powers concluded in London in August 1945 an “Agreement for the court proceeding and punishment of the main criminals of war of the Axis states” to which also a Statute was appended. On the basis of this agreement an International Military Tribunal was set up to try those war offenders “whose offences cannot be localised to particular countries”(art.1). That London Statute for the International Military Tribunal was later in March 1947 approved by the United Nations’ General Assembly. However, this pretext also is untenable. First of all, when the Croatian soldiers were handed over to Tito’s partizans (mid-May of 1945) the mentioned London Agreement had not yet been concluded, nor did any circumstance arise which would derogate the provisions of the 1929 Geneva Convention on prisoners of war.In addition to that, Great Britain did not extradite to the communists persons which were suspected of being so-called war criminals, but handed over to them the entire mass of prisoners of war and the entire civilian population which sought asylum against the Yugoslav communists. That the English even before the extradition knew that Tito’s communists kill all those persons whom they thought could be an obstacle to their absolute rule is evident, among others, from a confidential report of the British Legation to the Holy See sent on the 11th of May 1945, i.e. four days before the Bleiburg extradition of the Croats, to the Britsh Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden. In the report it is stated:”Soon after the occupation of each town and village, the partisans introduced a terrible dictatorship of the communist party. They began with the “liquidation” of all “suspicious” elements or such as seemed so to them….. Intending to introduce in liberated Yugoslavia the dictatorship of the communist party, they must – so they thought – above all eliminate all leading personalities who didn’t agree with communist political aspirations. In keeping with their decision, they sought (everywhere they became masters of the public life in the liberated parts of Yugoslavia) those who enjoyed among the people some importance or esteem; they arrested them and, without trial, they shot them or deported them to concentration camps, where they – it seems – killed them later. The aim of such actions of the Yugoslav partizans is evident; they intend to eliminate all those men of the nation, who could one day hinder them in their effort to bolshevize liberated Yugoslavia Among those are certainly the Catholic priests, who enjoy among the people high esteem and authority and who are in fact spiritual leaders, especially in Croatia and Slovenia” (quoted from page 3 and 4 of the report).

Then on 16 following pages the writer describes the slaughters by Tito’s partizans in Dubrovnik, Metković, Ljubuško, Makarska, Mostar, Široki Brijeg and Sinj. And yet in spite of this knowledge, only four days after the writing of this report, the British at Bleiburg send the Croatian civilian asylum seekers and prisoners of war back to their certain death at the hands of Tito’s partizans.

The responsibility of the British military authorities for the unheard of slaughter of the Croats at Bleiburg and after it on the death marches throughout Yugoslavia does not in any way diminish criminal responsibility of the partisan army and its commanding officers. The partizan army and its commanders, including its supreme commander Tito, are without any doubt responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity by breaking the provisions of international law of war.

However, we may ask, whether they committed also the crime of genocide against the Croats?

According to the words of President Mesić which he spoke at Jasenovac in 2005, “those killed at Bleiburg are victims, but they are not innocent of other crimes”. May we ask, what is the guilt of the children, women, old men , or of the great number of Croatian soldiers, some of them still merely military cadets, which were mercilessly and without trial slaughtered at Bleiburg, Kočevski Rog and the other stations of the Way of the Cross? And those other words of Stjepan Mesić, the man who earlier in his life was a zealous communist, sound also unbelievable when he in 2007 said that at Bleiburg were killed those who were responsible for the camp of Jasenovac. Although the crimes committed at Jasenovac by the “ustashas” ought to be condemned, as well as the partisan crimes committed in the same camp of Jasenovac after the fall of the Independent State of Croatia, to say that the civilians, women and children, and all the Croatian soldiers massacred at Bleiburg and after it were responsible for the “ustasha” crimes at Jasenovac, is incorrect and unworthy of the president of the Croatian State, who ought to be the president of all Croatian citizens and not only of those with whom at festive gatherings he sings the well-known partisan song “across the forests and the mountains”. We have another example of distorting the truth and of underrating the intelligence of the citizens of Croatia when the former communist public prosecutor downplays the crimes committed by the communists by saying, that after Bleiburg only 12,000 to 14,000 persons were killed. The truth is that only at Kočevski Rog twice that number were murdered.

But let us return to our question, whether at Bleiburg , and on the death marches which followed, the crime of genocide was committed. According to the 1948 Genocide Convention the crime of genocide consists of acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, racial or religious group as such. These acts include killing members of the group, causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group, deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group, forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

For an act of genocide , therefore, two preliminary conditions are required, the criminal act (actus reus) and the criminal intent (mens rea) that a national, ethnical, racial or religious group as such be destroyed, in whole or in part (art.II of the Convention). And that is what actually happened at Bleiburg, Kočevski Rog, other stations of the Way of the Cross accross Yugoslavia, Macelj and numerous other pits and crevasses which are almost every week being discovered in Slovenia and Croatia. It happened what Fotić, the Serbian ambassador in Washington, told Bogdan Radica during the Second World War, that after the war at least one million Croats should be killed in order that a “biological balance should be established with the Serbian victims”. A similar view expressed Tito in 1959. When asked in his private retreat on the island of Brioni by the world-famous Croatian sculptor Ivan Meštrović about the mass slaughter of the Croats in the spring and summer of 1945 Tito replied :”It couldn’t have been evoided. We must have allowed the Serbs to have their fill.” The saying of Milovan Đilas about the innocent Croatian victims of communism is well known, that they had to die in order that Yugoslavia could live. All this is in conformity with the instruction which Lenin on 8th of June 1919 gave to Slanski, an agent of the Soviet secret police CHEKA:”What a shame it would be to show ourselves indecisive by stopping with firing-squad executions because of a lack of the accused.”The only “guilt” of the vast majority of those killed was that they belonged to the Croatian people and were members of the Catholic Church. These crimes have been committed even against the innocent people because they wanted their own independent state. There is, therefore no doubt that the partisan army has committed in this case the crime of genocide with the knowledge and order of their political and military leaders, with Josip Broz Tito at the top.

Why is absent in Croatia today an efficient condemnation of the communist
atrocities and the punishment of their perpetrators?

The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe adopted on 25th of January 2006 a Resolution for international condemnation of crimes of totalitarian communist regimes. In the Resolution it is stated that the totalitarian communist regimes are, without exception, characterised by massive violations of human rights which include individual and collective assassinations and executions, death in concentration camps, starvation, deportations,torture, slave labour and other forms of mass physical terror, persecution on ethnic or religious grounds, violation of freedom of conscience, though and expression, of freedom of the press, and also lack of political pluralism (item 2). The Resolution further points out that the fall of totalitarian communist regimes in central and eastern Europe has not been followed in all cases by an international investigation of the crimes committed by them, and that the authors of these crimes have not been brought to trial by the international community, as was the case with the horrid crimes committed by National Socialism (Nazism) (item 5). The Assembly is convinced that the awareness of these crimes is one of the preconditions for avoiding similar crimes in the future, and that moral assessment and condemnation of crimes committed play an important role in the education of young generations (item 7). The Resolution calls on all post-communist parties to distance themselves clearly from the crimes committed by the communist totalitarian regimes, and to condemn them without any ambiguity (item 13).

We can ask now why in today’s independent and democratic Croatia is lacking an effective condemnation of the crimes committed by the communists at Bleiburg and in Croatia during and after the end of the Second World War?

Answering the above question it should be at the outset unambiguously stated that communism, which killed over 100 million people in the world, did that in accordance with its ideological tenets and not contrary to them. The slaughter and killing were not committed by those communists who misunderstood their marxist dogmas, but by those who were faithful to their marxist ideology. The communists did not kill because of their ideological “deviation” from the authentic marxist philosophy, but because of their thorough indoctrination with marxism. The sociologist Klaus Jacobi puts Tito in the unenviable 10th place of the list of so-called “megakillers” of the 20th century, because Tito in peacetimei.e. after the end of the Second World War, ordered approximately one million and one hundred thousand persons to be killed (see the Croatian daily “Večernji list” of 13th of September 2003). Tito didn’t do that primarily because he was an evil man, but because he was first of all a good communist . The very essence and faithful implementation of the marxist dogmas are the source of Leninism, Stalinism, Maoism, Titoism, and of the other historical forms of communist totalitarianism. If you are convinced that you and your party are the carriers of the bright and progressive future of mankind, and that everyone who does not agree with you hinders the progress of the human race, then you can easily persuade yourself to “liquidate” those “enemies of the people” without the slightest pangs of conscience, and to hate them , as Tito’s comrade-in-arms and communist ideologue Milovan Đilas put it, with “a noble hatred” (his article in the communist newspaper “Borba” on 8th of October 1942). Then into that category of “enemies of the people” you can put all those whom you hate on national, racial, class, religious and even strictly personal grounds.
Let us now turn to our question, why even today in the democratic, pluralist and independent state of Croatia there is no effective condemnation of communist crimes, why the persons who committed those crimes, and who live unpunished among the offsprings of their victims, are not brought to justice, since many of the crimes are not time-barred, and why the implementation by the Croatian “Sabor” (Parliament) of the Resolution for international condemnation of crimes of communist regimes was extremely lukewarm and half-hearted. I think that the answer to these questions should be sought in a number of circumstances. First it is psychologically understandable that it is very difficult to the former communists to admit that they served the bloodiest utopia in the history of mankind. If they admitted this, they would have to repent before the people and their own conscience for many things, such as spying on their fellow citizens and informing the secret police about them, for killing and torturing “hostile elements”, imprisoning them without trial, or for being cowardly silent while the communists persecuted their neighbours, threw them out of their jobs, for the only reason that these victims did not want to live under an oppressive totalitarian regime. Because the Croatian Government has not held these people responsible for their crimes, from the prison torturers, the executioners at Bleiburg and other slaughter-fields, to those at the top of the party and state nomenclature who ordered these crimes, it has strengthened them in their illusion, that they are not accountable for these misdeeds. So it comes that these ex-communist dare even today to praise Tito, the man who is primarily responsible for the genocide at Bleiburg and the crimes committed by the communists thereafter. These former members of the communist party and their children occupy today the leading places in politics, courts, schools, media, army, intelligence services, public prosecutor’s office etc. They hinder or slow down the process of democratization of the Croatian society, and try to hide the truth about the suffering of the Croats during and after the Second World War. We must, therefore, agree with the following text of the editor of the Croatian Church weekly “Glas koncila” rev. Ivan Miklenić:”In its 15 years of independent existence Croatia, regardless of its governments and governing parties, not only has not had the stamina, but has even lacked the slightest will to confront itself with the terribly black and enormously sad side of its past. All organisations which claim to defend and promote human rights have failed in this task, and the public media have sometimes in a sophisticated way prolonged the life of some ideological forms of totalitarian communism, instead of unmasking it and freeing the Croatian society of those inhuman, unfree and criminal shackles…. Yet inspite of this fact, if the Croatian society wants to become really democratic , it shall inevitably have to confront itself with those facts of totalitarian and criminal communist ideology, to rightly appraise them and to take care that they never be repeated.” (“Glas koncila” of 4th of Bebruary 2006).

Instead of a conclusion

The English writer J.B. Priestley has written about his compatriots the following lines:”The reputation of the English Establishment and its admirers for smug self-deception, hypocrisy and perfidy, has long had some notoriety in the outside world.We are famous for our pious treacheries.” ( “What happened to Falstaff”, in “Essays of five decades”, Penguin Books 1969). 

Let us add in confirmation of this opinion that the British army in Austria sent at the same time a great number of Cossak soldiers, their wives and children, who had fought against the Russian communists, into their certain death by handing them over to the Soviets, although these people were never Soviet citizens, having emigrated from Russia during the communist October Revolution. That was contrary to the Yalta agreement of February 1945 that only those prisoners of war who are Russian citizens should be extradited to the Soviets. A great majority of the Cossaks were after their extradition either killed , or perished in the Soviet Siberian concentration camps, what those who extradited them ought to have known. This however should not astonish us, because during the 1896 Boer Wars in South Africa England set up a chain of concentration camps in which wives and children of the Boer fighters were imprisoned and tortured with hunger in order that their husbands should be psychologically induced to surrender. Or, to mention another example, in order to conquer Ireland England in 1847 caused in Ireland a terrible starvation which killed every fifth Irish citizen.

Although much has been written about Bleiburg and the death marches which followed it, we still do not have a complete picture of what happened there, because the British archives as the most important ones are still not accessible to the public. According the the British legal provisions the strictly confidential military and intelligence documents relating to the Second World War are not available to the public for 75 years. Hence, these documents will be available in 2020 at the earliest.

In this entire tragedy of the Croatian people one historical irony cannot escape the attentive observer. The Croats are the only European people who in their recent history moved from the West towards the East of Europe, when after the First World War they severed their state bond with the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, and hastened towards their eastern neighbours to set up new state ties with them, thereby obeying the wish of Great Britain and other tailors of post-war unnatural state structures in Europe. Later, as a nation fleeing from these same eastern neighbours, the Croats knocked at the doors of the West to save themselves, with the experience which they had at Bleiburg, where the British policy sent them once again to their eastern neighbours, now not to the Serbian Karadjordje monarchists, but to Tito’s communists, where massacres and death awaited them. Therefore by bringing up the subject of Bleiburg and of other communist slaughter-fields , we want to contribute to settle the questions of truth and justice, which are essential for every democracy. Without an answer to these questions there cannot be a healthy democracy in Croatia. For it is crime to conceal crime.

The Socialist-Capitalist Alliance: the Fabian Society, the Frankfurt School, and Big Business: Part One


Ed Miliband at the Fabian Society
British Labour leader Ed Miliband at the Fabian Society

Most people with a critical interest in the Western policies and practices of multiculturalism and mass-immigration have probably heard of Cultural Marxism. This 20th century strain of Marxism produced by the Frankfurt Schoola.k.a. the Institute for Social Research in Germany, and later in New York where it was affiliated with Columbia University, is responsible for Critical Theory, PC, repressive tolerance, “diversity is our strength”, and other insidious tactics and strategies that are gradually stripping away the cultural traditions, ethnic identity, national sovereignty, and historical memory of the European peoples.

But do most people know the link of cultural Marxism, in particular its strategy of the “long march through the institutions”, to another socialist society famed for its “gradualism” and its connection to the British Labour Party? This society is called the Fabian Society and heavily influenced, indeed was a precursor to, the creation of the Frankfurt School.

There are many shared aspects between the Fabian Society and the Frankfurt School:

  • Both claim to promote socialism, the counter-ideology of capitalism
  • Both have been and are funded by extremely wealthy people and groups who attained their affluence as capitalists
  • Both promote the radical transformation of Western civilization through Socialist utopianism
  • Both reject revolutionary Marxism and instead use and advocate “gradualism”, a step-by-step long-term plan to change the character of the West through stealth and infiltration

The following is part one of a three part series on the Fabian Society and the Frankfurt School. The three parts are:

  1. The History and Intentions of the Fabian Society and its Link to Big Business
  2. The Frankfurt School and its Link to Big Business
  3. The Labour Party, Fabianism, Big Business, and the Cultural Marxist-Initiated Immigration and Multiculturalism Program in Western Nations

Part I: The History and Intentions of the Fabian Society and its Link to Big Business

The British East India Company (BEIC), founded in 1600, made many of its shareholders (many of whom were masons) very wealthy. By the time of its end in 1873, several shareholders were major financiers and had a kind of pre-Fabian elitist philosophy, which eventually played a key role in the establishment of the Fabian Society. For example, John Stuart Mill was the secretary of BEIC (1856-1873) and was named by his father after John Stuart, the head of the BEIC. He was close friends with Richard Potter, the father of a core Fabian Society member, Beatrice Webb, and heavily influenced the Fabian philosophy with his well-known work, Principles of Political Economy (1848).

On 24th October 1883, seventeen wealthy socialists, including members of the Society for Psychical Research (1882), met to discuss the creation of a British socialist organisation, The Fellowship of the New Life, which was based on the monastic ideas of the Scottish intellectual, Thomas Davidson. This organisation was dedicated to the “cultivation of a perfect character in each and all” and sought to slowly and progressively transform society through individual example, advocating such ideas as pure intelligence, simple living, pacifism, and vegetarianism. On 7th November of the same year, members of the Fellowship outlined their ultimate goal: “the reconstruction of society in accordance with the highest moral possibilities”. However, some members wanted to be more politically involved to aid in this socialist transformation, and so in January 1884 it was decided that a separate society would be founded that actively promoted the project of collectivism. This society was named the “Fabian Society”.

The founders of the Fabian Society included Frank Podmore (psychical researcher), Edward Pease (member of the Stock Exchange), Hubert Bland (commercial clerk) and his wife Edith Nesbit (author and political activist). Over a few years the Fabian Society had attracted many influential people interested in go-slow socialism, with members including: George Bernard Shaw, H. G. Wells, Annie Besant, J.G. Stapleton, Graham Wallas, Margaret Cole, Charles Marson, Sydney Olivier, Oliver Lodge, Leonard and Virginia Woolf, Ramsay MacDonald, Emmeline Pankhurst, and Sidney and Beatrice Webb. In the decades to come, many powerful people and groups became members of the Fabian Society or became associated through various partnerships and funding processes.

Even though they were not overtly Marxist in their style of socialism, as they were also influenced by Spiritual, Scientific and Utopian Socialists and thinkers such as Plato, Auguste Comte, Charles Darwin, J.S. Mill, Robert Owen, Henry George, and, in particular, John Ruskin, they were still influenced by (and utilised) the revolutionary socialist works of Engels and Marx and had the same ultimate objectives. A major distinction between Marxist socialism and Fabian socialism is in their strategy to change society. Long before the proletariat revolution (prescribed by Marx) failed, as signified by the failure of the working classes to unite in the face of World War I (the Frankfurt School raison d’être), the Fabians had already rejected the method of violent revolution by means of proletarian force and instead advocated gradual, stealthy, non-violent and reformist means, such as state intervention and control over the conditions of labour, to create a new world based on socialism. As Robert Sullivan writing for Brown University and the University of Tulsa puts it:

The Fabians preferred the method of “permeation,” or what Margaret (Postgate) Cole termed the “honeycomb” effect. Instead of undertaking direct confrontational action, for example, by aligning themselves with working-class trade unionism or other militant socialists, the Fabians sought to change the system from within, and would achieve this by a process of infiltration. Through their great intellectual weight, they would “persuade” members of government (whatever the Party), civil servants, and other people in power that ameliorating the plight of the less fortunate in society was a necessary and just cause. They achieved a measurable success at this because they possessed among their small number some of the best minds and celebrities of the time.

The Fabian Society was named after Quintus Fabius Maximus, a Roman general nicknamed “Cunctator” or “the Delayer” for his slow but sure measures to achieve his goal of defeating the large Carthaginian army led by general Hannibal in the Second Punic War (218-201 BC). Rather than dealing with head-on battles, Fabius used tactics of elusion, harassment, and attrition to allow the Roman army to regroup and defeat Hannibal’s army. Believing in the inevitability of socialism, the Fabians stressed evolution not revolution. Their strategy can be understood by their “doctrine of inevitability of gradualism”, which is clarified by G.B. Shaw, who wrote that the methods of the Society were “stealth, intrigue, subversion, and the deception of never calling socialism by its right name” (John Stormer, None Dare Call It Treason, New York: Buccaneer Books, 1964, 26). As can be read from their first pamphlet, the idea was to be patient and stealthy, then strike at the right moment:

For the right moment you must wait, as Fabius did most patiently, when warring against Hannibal, though many censured his delays; but when the time comes you must strike hard, as Fabius did, or your waiting will be in vain, and fruitless.

Here is the famed Fabian stained glass window designed by George Bernard Shaw in 1910 and executed by Caroline Townsend:

Fabian stained glass window by George Bernard Shaw and Caroline Townsend in 1910

The window depicts Sidney Webb and G.B. Shaw (with hammers), Edward Pease (bellows) and other Fabians actively creating a “new world”, and says “remould it nearer to the heart’s desire” i.e. the whole world is to be governed by a socialist dictatorship designed and built by the Fabians. This line is taken from a poem written by the Iranian, Omar Khayyam; you can read that here (XCIX stanza).

And note those people at the bottom praying and worshiping a pile of books, which advocate the theories of socialism. Notice the wolf in a sheepskin and the F.S., which stands for Fabian Society. Here is a clearer image of it:

Fabian stained glass window: wolf in sheepskin

The symbol of the Fabian Society is the tortoise, which represents the gradual but steady expansion of socialism and the kind of action taken when the moment is “right”:

Tortoise, symbol of the Fabian Society

On 25th January 1884, Fabian J.G. Stapleton read a paper, Social Conditions in England with a View to Social Reconstruction or Development, which was the first lecture of many to come. In April 1884, the first pamphlet was distributed, entitled Why Are We Poor? By 1886 there were four leading figures of the Fabian Society, dubbed the “Big Four”: G. B. Shaw, Graham Wallas, Sidney Webb, and Sidney Oliver.

By 1889, 6500 tracts had been distributed and 721 lectures had been given by 31 speakers. Between 1891 and 1892 one hundred and seventeen Fabians delivered 3,339 lectures and membership had grown to 400. At this time, the Fabian Society became associated with the Second Socialist International (est. 1889) and helped set up a Democratic Socialist State in Great Britain.

Over the next few years more people joined: there were 681 members in 1894 and 881 in 1899. By this time there were chapters set up in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, South Africa, Spain, Denmark, and Germany. In 1899, the most noted work on Fabian Socialism, Fabian Essays in Socialism, was produced by seven Fabian members and became the blueprint for socialist legislation. It sold hundreds of thousands of copies, was reprinted several times and translated into numerous languages. You can read it here. Another book written and edited by nine second generation Fabians, titled New Fabian Essays, was published in 1952.

Prior to becoming a member of the Fabian Society, H.G. Wells had writtenAnticipations: Of the Reaction of Mechanical and Scientific Progress upon Human life and Thought (1901). Influenced by Plato’s The Republic, inAnticipations Wells details the rise of the “New Republic”, a system of world governance and scientific control. He describes its “more developed phases…as a sort of outspoken secret society with which even the prominent men of the ostensible state may be openly affiliated” and “there are no doubt elements of technical treason“. He goes on to say that the New Republicans “will constitute an informal and open freemasonry. In all sorts of ways they will be influencing and controlling the apparatus of the ostensible governments…” (Chapter VIII).

In January 1902, the then secretary of the Fabian Society, Edward Pease, wrote to Wells to say that Sidney Webb and his wife were “pioneers of your New Republic”. In February 1903, Wells became a member of the Society and during his membership wrote several non-fiction works, stories, pamphlets, and novels, including A Modern Utopia (1905). Since the beginning of his membership Wells was openly critical of the Fabian Society. He became increasingly disappointed with it, criticizing its lack of radical reforms and explicit propaganda, and its lip-service pandering to the middle class rather than the lower classes. In 1906 he wrote a pamphlet called theFaults of the Fabians outlining his goals of reorganizing the Society. Of course, this was not favoured by the “inner circle” and in September 1908 Wells resigned. Wells later denounced the Fabians as “the new Machiavellians” (Dobbs, 1964).

Nevertheless, Wells continued to be a staunch advocate of socialism, and, during World War II, he wrote the first draft of what was later to become the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). In 1928 he published Open Conspiracy: Blueprints for a World Revolution. In this work he elaborated his ideas of the New Republic and ideas from his 1926 book The World of William Clissold, which detailed a seven-point program for the development of the “new human community” (you can read this here).

The New Republic would be a classless World State run by an intelligent minority that controlled everything and who “may work in alliance with all sorts of movements and people” to further its aims. He writes that the

open conspiracy…will have become a great world movement as widespread and evident as Socialism and Communism. It will largely have taken the place of these movements. It will be more,it will be a world-religion. This large, loose, assimilatory mass of groups and societies will be definitely and obviously attempting to swallow up the entire population of the world and become the new human community (59, my emphasis).

He also writes, in The World of William Clissold, cited above: “we can weave a world system of monetary and economic activities, while the politicians, the diplomatists, and the soldiers are still too busy with their ancient and habitual antics to realise what we are doing” (p. 621, see here).

This “open conspiracy,” according to Wells, was “not a project to overthrow existing governments by insurrectionary attacks, but to supersede them by disregard. It does not want to destroy them or alter their forms but to make them negligible by replacing their functions” (622, Ibid). The New Republicans will also be selective: “What is useful to them it will use; what is useless it will efface by its stronger reality” (622, Ibid).

Part of the strategy of the Fabian Society for gaining power gradually was infiltration and replacement. It sought allies in the universities, Churches, and newspapers, trained speakers, writers, and politicians, and indoctrinated young scholars who would eventually infiltrate educational institutions, government agencies, and political parties to promote Fabian socialism. For example, Henry Hutchinson, a Derby Fabian, left a generous sum of money (£20,000) to the Society for “propaganda and other purposes”, which was “used by the Webbs, Graham Wallas and G.B. Shaw to found a research institute to provide proof positive of the collectivist ideal.”

In 1895 the Webbs, Shaw, and Wallas set up this institute as a branch of the University of London, called the “London School of Economics and Political Science” (LSE). According to Kerry Bolton it “provides an influential means by which Big Business can foster its [Fabian Society] aims” (Kerry Bolton,Revolution from Above: Manufacturing ‘Dissent’ in the New World Order, Arktos, 2011, 102). According to the UK Fabian Society’s own website, “[t]oday, the Fabian Society and the LSE continue to work closely together.”

In relation to Big Business, the Fabian LSE has been funded by members associated with the financial assets accrued from BEIC as stated above. The major financial contributors include the Indian millionaire Ratan Tata, the Rockefeller Foundation (in 1923 it contributed $1 million and between 1929-1952 it contributed $4,105,592), the Rothschilds, Sir Julius Wernher, Carnegie United Kingdom Trust, Mrs. Ernest Elmhurst, widow of Willard Straight who was partner of J.P. Morgan, and Sir Ernest Cassel (and just recently, £1.5 million from Saif al-Islam Gaddafi).

According to Bolton, a friend of Ernest Cassel (1852-1921), Lord Haldane, said: “Our object is to make this institution a place to raise and train the bureaucracy of the future Socialist state” (Bolton, 102). Cassel was a major merchant banker and capitalist, and a partner of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. and Vickers Maxim Armaments. This obviously begs a particular question: why did major capitalists and international finance organisations want to train the bureaucracy for the creation of a future socialist state? Isn’t socialism, in its very essence, antithetical to capitalism?

H.G. Wells explains this seeming paradox, in part, in something he wrote in 1920: “Big Business is in no means antipathetic to Communism. The larger big business grows the more it approximates Collectivism. It is the upper road of the few instead of the lower road of the masses to Collectivism” (Russia in the Shadows, Chapter VII, ‘The Envoy’, 1920).

In other words, not only was Fabian Socialism different from Marxist Socialism by strategy, it was also different by source of revolutionary potential: wealthy elites (intellectual, political, economic) rather than proletarians (working classes).

In 1905, American Fabians established the Rand School of Social Science in New York City and incorporated the Intercollegiate Socialist Society to promote “an intelligent interest in socialism among college men and women”. A founding member was American Fabian John Dewey, considered the father of progressive education, and an atheist, socialist, and evolutionist. In 1921 the Fabian Rand School changed its name to “The League for Industrial Democracy” and established a network of 125 chapters with the aim of de-Christianising America. Dewey became president of it in 1941. Dewy also co-founded the New School for Social Research (NSSR) in 1919, which is a Fabian-socialist institution that is the American equivalent to the London School of Economics and Political Science. This school, funded by the Rockefeller Foundation ($208,100 between 1940 and 1944) and the Carnegie Corporation ($95,000 in 1940) among others, set up the Graduate Faculty on Political and Social Science in 1933, called the “University in Exile”, and aimed to “accommodate the large number of socialist intellectuals” who fled or were expelled from Hitler’s Germany (Bolton, 112-113).

In Canada the League for Social Reconstruction was set up in 1932, which was a socialist organisation associated with Fabianism and worked closely with the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF). The CCF and the New Democrat Party wanted a counter-part to the UK-based Fabian Society and in 1971 the Douglas-Coldwell Foundation was established, with Tommy Douglas as founding president stating the Foundation would be: “A gadfly to provoke discussion…to keep the movements on the left — whether the co-operative movement, the trade union movement or the political movement — from getting in a rut.” They are currently based in Ottawa.

In the late 1890s the Fabian Society founded the Labor Representation Committee, which became the Labour Party in 1906. In 1918 the Labour Party adopted a program that implemented the ideas of Fabianism. In 1931 the New Fabian Research Bureau was formed, joining the Fabian Society in 1938. In 1940 the Colonial Bureau of the Fabian Society was established and in 1941 the Fabian International Bureau was formed to cater to international interests. In December 1942 Sir William Beveridge made promises to Britons if they accepted the outlined social reforms published in his Beveridge Report.

In 1945, thanks to this report, Fabian socialists took over the House of Commons (over half of the members of Parliament for the Labour Party were Fabians) and created the Labour government. Within a few years British industries and services had been nationalised and were under government control. For example, in 1946 the Bank of England, which had been privately owned by shareholders since the mid-17th century, was nationalised (came under the ownership of the Fabian created Labour government) and became the central bank of England.

Over the span of just over half a century, from the Fabian Society’s inception in 1884 to 1945, when the Fabian-created Labour party became an established British power, Fabian Society membership had swelled to 8,400 members. Currently, there are around 7000 UK Fabian Society members and, according to the UK website, “[a]round 80% of our members are also members of the Labour Party”.

Over the last 20 years, many Labour leaders and Prime Ministers have been Fabians, such as Tony Blair (PM 1997-2007), Robin Cook (Foreign Secretary 1997-2001), David Blunkett (Home Secretary 2001-2004), Gordon Brown (PM 2007-2010), and Jack Straw (leader, House of Commons, 2006-2007). In addition, “well over 200 parliamentarians are members and the Fabian Society continues to be at the heart of the Labour movement“.

The UK Labour Party is now the leading advocate of the social engineering project that aims to transform the national character and ethnic identity of Great Britain. As an attempt to “rub the Right’s nose in diversity“, it has pushed for open-borders and Third World mass-immigration and mandated immigrant multiculturalism as a “right”, while simultaneously condemning and silencing British indigenous people’s legitimate criticisms of these non-democratic, top-down enforced practices and policies.

by Clare Ellis at Euro-Canadians


Also see: AZL